Mateo 10:28

PREGUNTA:

¿Cómo podemos explicar Mateo 10:28Mateo 10:28
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28 Don’t be afraid of those who kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul. Rather, fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna.

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que declara que el alma será DESTRUIDA en el infierno?

RESPUESTA:

No hay duda que cuerpo y alma será destruidos en el infierno. La pregunta es el significado de ser DESTRUIDO. Los Testigos de Jehová y algunas otras sectas insisten que significa ser ANIQUILADO, DEJAR DE EXISTIR. Pero si comparamos otros textos bíblicos que usan esta misma palabra griega (apolésai que es derivada de apóllumi) aprendemos que tal NO ES el caso.

Los 2 usos principales de esta palabra son:

(1) MATAR físicamente (Mateo 2:13; 12:14; 22:7Mateo 2:13; 12:14; 22:7
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13 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, “Arise and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and stay there until I tell you, for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.” 14 But the Pharisees went out, and conspired against him, how they might destroy him. 7 When the king heard that, he was angry, and he sent his armies, destroyed those murderers, and burned their city.

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; Lucas 6:9Lucas 6:9
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9 Then Jesus said to them, “I will ask you something: Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good, or to do harm? To save a life, or to kill?”

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y varios otros textos).

(2) PERDER o estar PERDIDO física o espiritualmente (Mateo 10:6,39,42; 15:24; 18:11; 26:25Mateo 10:6,39,42; 15:24; 18:11; 26:25
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6 Rather, go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 39 He who finds his life will lose it; and he who loses his life for my sake will find it. 42 Whoever gives one of these little ones just a cup of cold water to drink in the name of a disciple, most assuredly I tell you he will in no way lose his reward.” 24 But he answered, “I wasn’t sent to anyone but the lost sheep of the house of Israel.” 11 For the Son of Man came to save that which was lost. 25 Judas, who betrayed him, answered, “It isn’t me, is it, Rabbi?” He said to him, “You said it.”

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; Lucas 5:37; 15:4,6,8,9,24,32Lucas 5:37; 15:4,6,8,9,24,32
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37 No one puts new wine into old wineskins, or else the new wine will burst the skins, and it will be spilled, and the skins will be destroyed. 4 “Which of you men, if you had one hundred sheep, and lost one of them, wouldn’t leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go after the one that was lost, until he found it? 6 When he comes home, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep which was lost!’ 8 Or what woman, if she had ten drachma A drachma coin was worth about 2 days wages for an agricultural laborer. coins, if she lost one drachma coin, wouldn’t light a lamp, sweep the house, and seek diligently until she found it? 9 When she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found the drachma which I had lost.’ 24 for this, my son, was dead, and is alive again. He was lost, and is found.’ They began to celebrate. 32 But it was appropriate to celebrate and be glad, for this, your brother, was dead, and is alive again. He was lost, and is found.’”

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; Juan 6:12Juan 6:12
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12 When they were filled, he said to his disciples, “Gather up the broken pieces which are left over, that nothing be lost.”

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; Romanos 14:15Romanos 14:15
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15 Yet if because of food your brother is grieved, you walk no longer in love. Don’t destroy with your food him for whom Christ died.

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; II Corintios 4:3ios 4:3
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3 and command you them, saying, Take hence out of the midst of the Jordan, out of the place where the priests’ feet stood firm, twelve stones, and carry them over with you, and lay them down in the lodging-place, where you shall lodge this night.

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).

Si estudia en especial la "destrucción" de "los odres" en Lucas 5:37Lucas 5:37
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37 No one puts new wine into old wineskins, or else the new wine will burst the skins, and it will be spilled, and the skins will be destroyed.

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, será obvio que NO dejaron de existir SINO que perdieron su UTILIDAD. La "destrucción" de la oveja "perdida" (Lucas 15:4 6Lucas 15:4 6
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4 “Which of you men, if you had one hundred sheep, and lost one of them, wouldn’t leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go after the one that was lost, until he found it?

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) y de la moneda "perdida" (Lucas 15:8,9Lucas 15:8,9
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8 Or what woman, if she had ten drachma A drachma coin was worth about 2 days wages for an agricultural laborer. coins, if she lost one drachma coin, wouldn’t light a lamp, sweep the house, and seek diligently until she found it? 9 When she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found the drachma which I had lost.’

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) y del hijo "perdido" (Lucas 15:11 32Lucas 15:11 32
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11 He said, “A certain man had two sons.

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) NO significa dejaran de existir. Lo mismo es cierto en cuanto al oro que "perece" = apóllumi (I Pedro 1:7ro 1:7
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7 to all who are in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

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).

Esta palabra (apóllumi) se usa no solamente en Mateo 10:28Mateo 10:28
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28 Don’t be afraid of those who kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul. Rather, fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna.

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sino en varios textos con referencia a la condición de aquellos que NO son salvos (Juan 3:16; 17:12Juan 3:16; 17:12
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16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life. 12 While I was with them in the world, I kept them in your name. Those whom you have given me I have kept. None of them is lost, except the son of destruction, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.

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; Romanos 2:12Romanos 2:12
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12 For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without the law. As many as have sinned under the law will be judged by the law.

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; II Corintios 2:15; 4:3ios 2:15; 4:3
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15 Then she let them down by a cord through the window: for her house was on the side of the wall, and she lived on the wall. 3 and command you them, saying, Take hence out of the midst of the Jordan, out of the place where the priests’ feet stood firm, twelve stones, and carry them over with you, and lay them down in the lodging-place, where you shall lodge this night.

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; II Tesalonicenses 2:10es 2:10
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10 Enter into the rock, And hide in the dust, From before the terror of Yahweh, And from the glory of his majesty.

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; Santiago 4:12Santiago 4:12
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12 Only one is the lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy. But who are you to judge another?

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; II Pedro 3:9ro 3:9
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9 What then? Are we better than they? No, in no way. For we previously charged both Jews and Greeks, that they are all under sin.

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; Romanos 14:15Romanos 14:15
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15 Yet if because of food your brother is grieved, you walk no longer in love. Don’t destroy with your food him for whom Christ died.

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.

Pero no he encontrado ningún texto que usa esta palabra para comunicar la idea de algo que DEJA DE EXISTIR o algo que sea ANIQUILADO.

ADEMAS, hay otros textos que CLARAMENTE presentan el concepto del SUFRIMIENTO eterno de aquellos que se pierden (Mateo 25:30,41,46Mateo 25:30,41,46
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30 Throw out the unprofitable servant into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’ 41 Then he will say also to those on the left hand, ‘Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels; 46 These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

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; Romanos 2:8,9Romanos 2:8,9
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8 but to those who are self-seeking, and don’t obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, will be wrath and indignation, 9 oppression and anguish, on every soul of man who works evil, on the Jew first, and also on the Greek.

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; II Tesalonicenses 1:6 9es 1:6 9
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6 From the sole of the foot even to the head there is no soundness in it: Wounds, welts, and open sores. They haven’t been closed, neither bandaged, neither soothed with oil.

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; Apocalipsis 20:10Apocalipsis 20:10
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10 The devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

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).

También el mismo texto (Mateo 10:28Mateo 10:28
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28 Don’t be afraid of those who kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul. Rather, fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna.

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) indica algo PEOR que la muerte física. No debemos temer a los hombres porque ellos SOLAMENTE nos pueden matar físicamente. Debemos temer a Dios porque él puede hacernos algo PEOR. Si lo que los Testigos de Jehová dicen fuera cierto, ¿qué hay de peor en lo que Dios hará a los incrédulos? Según ellos, cuando morimos ya no sentimos nada. Según ellos, cuando Dios nos "destruye" en el infierno ya no sentimos nada tampoco. NO HAY DIFERENCIA. En ambos casos, dejamos de sufrir, según su interpretación. También el texto paralelo (Lucas 12:4,5Lucas 12:4,5
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4 “I tell you, my friends, don’t be afraid of those who kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do. 5 But I will warn you whom you should fear. Fear him, who after he has killed, has power to cast into Gehenna. or, Hell Yes, I tell you, fear him.

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) hace una clara distinción entre lo que sucede cuando nos QUITAN LA VIDA y lo que sucederá cuando Dios "DESPUES de haber quitado la vida, tiene poder de ECHAR EN EL INFIERNO".