Apocalipsis 20:1-10

PREGUNTA:

¿Qué me puede explicar acerca del reino de Cristo por mil años aquí en la tierra?


RESPUESTA:

Una de las preguntas que recibimos con más frecuencia es con respecto al reino de mil años o sea “EL MILENIO”. Todo el mundo quiere saber cuándo va a ser y qué va a suceder durante el milenio. Y casi todos tienen una idea ya sobre este tema porque es muy discutido entre religiosos de nuestro tiempo. Quizás la doctrina más popular acerca del milenio es aquella que llamamos el "premilenialismo". Es una doctrina que tiene aceptación casi universal entre personas religiosas, ya sean Católicos Romanos o Evangélicos. Su base principal se encuentra en el libro de El Apocalipsis, específicamente en Apocalipsis 19:11-20:10Apocalipsis 19:11-20:10
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has names written and a name written which no one knows but he himself. 13 He is clothed in a garment sprinkled with blood. His name is called “The Word of God.” 14 The armies which are in heaven followed him on white horses, clothed in white, pure, fine linen. 15 Out of his mouth proceeds a sharp, double-edged sword, that with it he should strike the nations. He will rule them with a rod of iron. He treads the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 He has on his garment and on his thigh a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” 17 I saw an angel standing in the sun. He cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the sky, “Come! Be gathered together to the great supper of God, TR reads “supper of the great God” instead of “great supper of God” 18 that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and slave, and small and great.” 19 I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him who sat on the horse, and against his army. 20 The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet who worked the signs in his sight, with which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. 21 The rest were killed with the sword of him who sat on the horse, the sword which came forth out of his mouth. All the birds were filled with their flesh. 20 1 I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 He seized the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited earth, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time. 4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years. 7 And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and he will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to the war; the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. 9 They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them. 10 The devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

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. Sus enseñanzas básicas son las siguientes: (1) Habrá un tiempo de LITERALMENTE 1000 años (Apocalipsis 20:2-7Apocalipsis 20:2-7
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2 He seized the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited earth, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time. 4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years. 7 And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison,

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). (2) Estos mil años literales empezarán DESPUÉS de la segunda venida de Cristo Jesús (Apocalipsis 19:11-21; 1Apocalipsis 19:11-21; 1
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has names written and a name written which no one knows but he himself. 13 He is clothed in a garment sprinkled with blood. His name is called “The Word of God.” 14 The armies which are in heaven followed him on white horses, clothed in white, pure, fine linen. 15 Out of his mouth proceeds a sharp, double-edged sword, that with it he should strike the nations. He will rule them with a rod of iron. He treads the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 He has on his garment and on his thigh a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” 17 I saw an angel standing in the sun. He cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the sky, “Come! Be gathered together to the great supper of God, TR reads “supper of the great God” instead of “great supper of God” 18 that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and slave, and small and great.” 19 I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him who sat on the horse, and against his army. 20 The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet who worked the signs in his sight, with which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. 21 The rest were killed with the sword of him who sat on the horse, the sword which came forth out of his mouth. All the birds were filled with their flesh. The Revelation to John 1 1 This is the Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things which must happen soon, which he sent and made known by his angel to his servant, John, 2 who testified to God’s word, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, about everything that he saw. 3 Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of the prophecy, and keep the things that are written in it, for the time is at hand. 4 John, to the seven assemblies that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from God, who is and who was and who is to come; and from the seven Spirits who are before his throne; 5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To him who loves us, and washed us from our sins by his blood; 6 and he made us to be a Kingdom, priests to his God and Father; to him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen. 7 Behold, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, including those who pierced him. All the tribes of the earth will mourn over him. Even so, Amen. 8 “I am the Alpha and the Omega, TR adds “the Beginning and the End”” says the Lord God, TR omits “God” “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.” 9 I John, your brother and partner with you in oppression, Kingdom, and perseverance in Christ Jesus, was on the isle that is called Patmos because of God’s Word and the testimony of Jesus Christ. 10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and I heard behind me a loud voice, like a trumpet 11 saying, “ TR adds “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last.”What you see, write in a book and send to the seven assemblies TR adds “which are in Asia”: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and to Laodicea.” 12 I turned to see the voice that spoke with me. Having turned, I saw seven golden lampstands. 13 And among the lampstands was one like a son of man, clothed with a robe reaching down to his feet, and with a golden sash around his chest. 14 His head and his hair were white as white wool, like snow. His eyes were like a flame of fire. 15 His feet were like burnished brass, as if it had been refined in a furnace. His voice was like the voice of many waters. 16 He had seven stars in his right hand. Out of his mouth proceeded a sharp two-edged sword. His face was like the sun shining at its brightest. 17 When I saw him, I fell at his feet like a dead man. He laid his right hand on me, saying, “Don’t be afraid. I am the first and the last, 18 and the Living one. I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. I have the keys of Death and of Hades. 19 Write therefore the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will happen hereafter; 20 the mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden lampstands. The seven stars are the angels of the seven assemblies. The seven lampstands are seven assemblies.

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Corintios 15:20-28ios 15:20-28
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20 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families. 21 The uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the border of Edom in the South were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur, 22 and Kinah, and Dimonah, and Adadah, 23 and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Ithnan, 24 Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth, 25 Hazor Hadattah, Kerioth, Hezron , 26 Amam, and Shema, and Moladah, 27 and Hazar Gaddah, and Heshmon, and Beth Pelet, 28 and Hazar Shual, and Beersheba, and Biziothiah,

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). (3) Esto será el PRINCIPIO del reino de Jesucristo. (4) En tal ocasión solamente los santos serán resucitados físicamente. (5) Cristo reinará sobre esta tierra por mil años literales.

Por supuesto se presentan textos bíblicos para apoyar esta doctrina. Pero la duda es que sean correctamente interpretados y aplicados. Así que nuestro propósito en este estudio será de considerar lo que la Biblia dice en Apocalipsis 19:11-20:15Apocalipsis 19:11-20:15
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has names written and a name written which no one knows but he himself. 13 He is clothed in a garment sprinkled with blood. His name is called “The Word of God.” 14 The armies which are in heaven followed him on white horses, clothed in white, pure, fine linen. 15 Out of his mouth proceeds a sharp, double-edged sword, that with it he should strike the nations. He will rule them with a rod of iron. He treads the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 He has on his garment and on his thigh a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” 17 I saw an angel standing in the sun. He cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the sky, “Come! Be gathered together to the great supper of God, TR reads “supper of the great God” instead of “great supper of God” 18 that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and slave, and small and great.” 19 I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him who sat on the horse, and against his army. 20 The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet who worked the signs in his sight, with which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. 21 The rest were killed with the sword of him who sat on the horse, the sword which came forth out of his mouth. All the birds were filled with their flesh. 20 1 I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 He seized the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited earth, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time. 4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years. 7 And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and he will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to the war; the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. 9 They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them. 10 The devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever. 11 I saw a great white throne, and him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. There was found no place for them. 12 I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and they opened books. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13 The sea gave up the dead who were in it. Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them. They were judged, each one according to his works. 14 Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 If anyone was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire.

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, especialmente considerando aquellos puntos que se relacionan directamente con las enseñanzas de la TEORÍA del premilenialismo. No pretendemos dar una nueva interpretación del libro de Apocalipsis sino dejar que la Biblia misma nos dé la interpretación infalible. Vale la pena notar que la doctrina del premilenialismo también contradice muchos otros textos de la Biblia que establecen la doctrina bíblica sobre el reino de Cristo, pero en este estudio nos vamos a limitar a una exposición de este texto en El Apocalipsis.

Antes de empezar nuestro estudio del texto en Apocalipsis 19:11Apocalipsis 19:11
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war.

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, debemos entender que el libro de Apocalipsis es una REVELACIÓN. La palabra "apocalipsis" quiere decir esto mismo y la declaración que encontramos en Apocalipsis 1:1Apocalipsis 1:1
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The Revelation to John 1 1 This is the Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things which must happen soon, which he sent and made known by his angel to his servant, John,

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confirma lo mismo. La Biblia dice, "La REVELACIÓN de Jesucristo que Dios le dio, para manifestar a sus siervos las cosas que deben suceder pronto; y la declaró enviándola por medio de su ángel a su siervo Juan" (Apocalipsis 1:1Apocalipsis 1:1
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The Revelation to John 1 1 This is the Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things which must happen soon, which he sent and made known by his angel to his servant, John,

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). Así que no estamos estudiando un libro para el cual necesitamos una revelación para entenderlo. ES una REVELACIÓN. Por tanto, muchas veces el libro da su propia interpretación de los símbolos que emplea. Favor de leer Apocalipsis 1:20Apocalipsis 1:20
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20 the mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden lampstands. The seven stars are the angels of the seven assemblies. The seven lampstands are seven assemblies.

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. Allí se encuentra la INTERPRETACIÓN correcta de las siete estrellas y los siete candeleros. Por tanto, en nuestro estudio tenemos que buscar primeramente en el libro de Apocalipsis la interpretación correcta y luego en lo demás de la Biblia. La Biblia es Su mejor intérprete. La interpretación que ella da es siempre superior a la que algún hombre o grupo de hombres puedan dar. Por tanto, siendo que no sentimos ninguna obligación a las ideas de concilios ni profetas modernos, y siendo que nuestro deseo más ferviente es entender lo que DICE DIOS EN Su Palabra, aceptaremos las interpretaciones BIBLICAS aún cuando contradicen las ideas comúnmente aceptadas en el mundo religioso de nuestro tiempo. LA BIBLIA MISMA SERA NUESTRO INTERPRETE.

Es también evidente de Apocalipsis 1:1Apocalipsis 1:1
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The Revelation to John 1 1 This is the Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things which must happen soon, which he sent and made known by his angel to his servant, John,

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que lo que es revelado allí tenía una relación íntima con los cristianos que PRIMERAMENTE recibieron este libro. Entendemos esto de la frase que dice: "para manifestar a sus siervos las cosas que DEBEN SUCEDER PRONTO" (Apocalipsis 1:1Apocalipsis 1:1
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The Revelation to John 1 1 This is the Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things which must happen soon, which he sent and made known by his angel to his servant, John,

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). Nuestra interpretación del libro tendrá que llevar esto en mente. De otra manera fracasaremos en nuestro propósito de entender lo que DIOS está revelando en estas visiones. La mayoría de las cosas profetizadas en el libro de El Apocalipsis NO eran para miles de años en el futuro sino que debían "SUCEDER PRONTO" o sea dentro de relativamente pocos días o años del tiempo en que fueron profetizadas. Debemos mantener en mente el CONTEXTO HISTÓRICO o sea la condición de los cristianos que recibieron este mensaje en los últimos años del primer siglo (69 – 79 años después del nacimiento de Jesucristo, designado por AD (anno domini = año del reino). Si nuestra interpretación de alguna visión no se relaciona con la lucha de ellos y la esperanza del rápido cumplimiento de estas cosas, podemos estar seguros que nos hemos equivocado. De otra manera ¿qué significará "DEBEN SUCEDER PRONTO" ?

ARMAGEDÓN

La Visión

Con estos principios de interpretación en mente podemos proceder al estudio de nuestro texto en Apocalipsis 19:11Apocalipsis 19:11
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war.

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-21. En este texto la Biblia nos presenta la destrucción de la bestia, el falso profeta y los reyes de la tierra por Cristo y Sus ejércitos. Esta es la gran batalla de Armagedón anunciada primeramente en Apocalipsis 16:16Apocalipsis 16:16
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16 He gathered them together into the place which is called in Hebrew, Megiddo.

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. De acuerdo con el conocimiento de este escritor, todos están de acuerdo en esto. Es evidente que esta es la gran batalla. Es también indiscutible que el jefe de los ejércitos es Cristo, "EL VERBO DE DIOS" (Apocalipsis 19:13Apocalipsis 19:13
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13 He is clothed in a garment sprinkled with blood. His name is called “The Word of God.”

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; Juan 1:1,14Juan 1:1,14
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The Gospel According to John 1 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 14 The Word became flesh, and lived among us. We saw his glory, such glory as of the one and only Son of the Father, full of grace and truth.

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). Todo el problema está en saber quienes son estos enemigos que Cristo destruye y el tiempo de su cumplimiento. Es suficiente conocer la identidad de estos enemigos. Con esta información es fácil deducir el tiempo general de su cumplimiento en completo acuerdo con Apocalipsis 1:1Apocalipsis 1:1
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The Revelation to John 1 1 This is the Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things which must happen soon, which he sent and made known by his angel to his servant, John,

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que señala que la revelación trata de cosas que iban a suceder PRONTO.

Primeramente, leamos el texto bíblico. La Biblia dice en Apocalipsis 19:11Apocalipsis 19:11
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war.

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-21, “Entonces vi el cielo abierto; y he aquí un caballo blanco, y el que lo montaba se llamaba Fiel y Verdadero, y con justicia juzga y pelea. Sus ojos eran como llama de fuego, y había en su cabeza muchas diademas y tenía un nombre escrito que ninguno conocía sino él mismo.

Estaba vestido de una ropa teñida en sangre; y su nombre es EL VERBO DE DIOS. Y los ejércitos celestiales, vestidos de lino finísimo, blanco y limpio le seguían en caballos blancos De su boca sale una espada aguda, para herir con ella a las naciones, y él las regirá con vara de hierro; y él pisa el lagar del vino del furor y de la ira del Dios Todopoderoso. Y en su vestidura y en su muslo tiene escrito este nombre: REY DE REYES Y SEÑOR DE SEÑORES. Y vi a un ángel que estaba en pie en el sol, y clamó a gran voz, diciendo a todas las aves que vuelan en medio del cielo: Venid, y congregaos a la gran cena de Dios, para que comáis carnes de reyes y de capitanes, carnes de fuertes, carnes de caballos y de sus jinetes, y carnes de todos, libres y esclavos, pequeños y grandes. Y vi a la bestia, a los reyes de la tierra y a sus ejércitos, reunidos para guerrear contra el que montaba el caballo, y contra su ejército. Y la bestia fue apresada, y con ella el falso profeta que había engañado a los que recibieron la marca de la bestia, y habían adorado su imagen. Estos dos fueron lanzados vivos dentro de un lago de fuego que arde con azufre. Y los demás fueron muertos con la espada que salía de la boca del que montaba el caballo y todas las aves se saciaron de las carnes de ellos" (Apocalipsis 19:11Apocalipsis 19:11
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war.

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-21).

Como ya notamos, para interpretar correctamente este texto, es necesario saber quienes son estos enemigos que La Escritura nombra "la bestia", "el falso profeta", y "los reyes de la tierra". Los premilenialistas dicen que estos son los enemigos que Cristo va a destruir cuando venga la segunda vez a la tierra. ¿Qué dice la Biblia? Ya hemos dicho que ella, y especialmente El Apocalipsis mismo, va a ser nuestro mejor intérprete.

La Bestia

La bestia ya fue presentada en el capítulo 13 y otra vez en el capítulo 17 de Apocalipsis. Allí vamos a ver el gran principio de la interpretación de El Apocalipsis, porque vamos a encontrar que junto con el símbolo presenta la INTERPRETACIÓN. En el capítulo 17 encontramos a la gran ramera, enemiga del pueblo de Dios, sentada sobre la bestia. Cuando el apóstol Juan vio esta visión quedó asombrado. En Apocalipsis 17:7Apocalipsis 17:7
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7 The angel said to me, “Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns.

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la Biblia dice, "Y el ángel me dijo: ¿Por qué te asombras? YO TE DIRÉ EL MISTERIO de la mujer, y de la bestia que la trae, la cual tiene las siete cabezas y los diez cuernos". Fíjese bien que el ángel está prometiendo dar la EXPLICACIÓN de este misterio, o sea la INTERPRETACIÓN DIVINA del símbolo de la ramera y la bestia. Le suplico que lea Apocalipsis 17: 8-18Apocalipsis 17: 8-18
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8 The beast that you saw was, and is not; and is about to come up out of the abyss and to go into destruction. Those who dwell on the earth and whose names have not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world will marvel when they see that the beast was, and is not, and shall be present. TR reads “yet is” instead of “shall be present” 9 Here is the mind that has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sits. 10 They are seven kings. Five have fallen, the one is, the other has not yet come. When he comes, he must continue a little while. 11 The beast that was, and is not, is himself also an eighth, and is of the seven; and he goes to destruction. 12 The ten horns that you saw are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet, but they receive authority as kings, with the beast, for one hour. 13 These have one mind, and they give their power and authority to the beast. 14 These will war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings. They also will overcome who are with him, called and chosen and faithful.” 15 He said to me, “The waters which you saw, where the prostitute sits, are peoples, multitudes, nations, and languages. 16 The ten horns which you saw, and the beast, these will hate the prostitute, and will make her desolate, and will make her naked, and will eat her flesh, and will burn her utterly with fire. 17 For God has put in their hearts to do what he has in mind, and to be of one mind, and to give their kingdom to the beast, until the words of God should be accomplished. 18 The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.”

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ANTES de seguir leyendo este estudio. (Sí ahorita en su propia Biblia.) Si ya lo ha leído suplico que se fije en los versículos nueve y diez. "Esto, para la mente que tenga sabiduría: Las siete cabezas SON siete montes, sobre los cuales se sienta la mujer, y SON siete reyes. Cinco de ellos han caído; uno es, y el otro aún no ha venido; y cuando venga es necesario que dure breve tiempo" (Apocalipsis 17:9,10Apocalipsis 17:9,10
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9 Here is the mind that has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sits. 10 They are seven kings. Five have fallen, the one is, the other has not yet come. When he comes, he must continue a little while.

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). La bestia ES una nación; es un poder civil. La bestia tiene siete cabezas y estas cabezas SON REYES. Esto no necesita de interpretación, ES LA INTERPRETACIÓN DIVINA. Cuando la Biblia dice que estas cabezas "son siete reyes", ya no esta ha blando simbólicamente para que busquemos el significado de la palabra "reyes". La bestia representa un poder o sea un gobierno civil. ¿Cual? Bueno, sabemos que fue un gobierno relacionado con la gran ramera, ¿verdad? (Lea Apocalipsis 17:3, 7Apocalipsis 17:3, 7
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3 He carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness. I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet-colored animal, full of blasphemous names, having seven heads and ten horns. 7 The angel said to me, “Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns.

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). ¿Quién es esta mujer? Otra vez el ángel nos ha prometido una explicación (Apocalipsis 17:7Apocalipsis 17:7
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7 The angel said to me, “Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns.

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) y la da en Apocalipsis 17:18Apocalipsis 17:18
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18 The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.”

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. "Y la mujer que has visto es la gran ciudad que reina sobre los reyes de la tierra" (Apocalipsis 17:18Apocalipsis 17:18
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18 The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.”

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). Este versículo es uno de los más importantes en todo el libro. Es esencial considerarlo en detalle y creer lo que dice para entender este libro. La Palabra de Dios dice que la mujer, la gran ramera, representa UNA CIUDAD. Representa la gran ciudad que reinaba sobre los reyes de la tierra EN EL TIEMPO cuando Juan vio la visión. Muchos dicen que la ramera representa una iglesia, pero la Biblia dice que representa una ciudad. ¿A quién vamos a creer? "Ciudad" NO ES UN SÍMBOLO. Es la INTERPRETACIÓN DIVINA DEL SÍMBOLO DE LA RAMERA. Y "ciudad" no quiere decir iglesia sino ciudad. También fíjese en el tiempo del verbo "REINA". NO DICE reinará como si fuera futuro sino REINA – tiempo PRESENTE. Cuando Juan escribió este libro el reinado de esa ciudad estaba YA en vigencia. La única ciudad que reinaba sobre los reyes de la tierra en el tiempo del apóstol Juan era ROMA. Durante todo el primer siglo, Roma gobernaba el mundo antiguo. Ella era la capital del mundo. Permitía la existencia de ciertos gobiernos pero todos estaban bajo su dominio. Los judíos, por ejemplo, tenían sus propios reyes judíos, pero estos reyes, como Herodes, estaban sujetos a los mandatos del imperio romano. Usted puede comprobar esto en la historia bíblica, cualquier libro de la historia mundial o en cualquier enciclopedia o diccionario bíblico. LA CIUDAD QUE REINABA SOBRE LOS REYES DE LA TIERRA cuando El Apocalipsis fue escrito era ROMA. Por tanto, de acuerdo con la interpretación que el ángel reveló al apóstol Juan, la gran ramera del libro de Apocalipsis fue la ciudad de Roma. "Pero yo pensaba que era Babilonia", dice alguien. (Apocalipsis 17:5Apocalipsis 17:5
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5 And on her forehead a name was written, “MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF THE PROSTITUTES AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”

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). Pero esto todavía era un símbolo, un misterio. Babilonia había sido una ciudad semejante a Roma en poder, dominio y perversidad. Pero la interpretación del símbolo es que la mujer es la gran ciudad que reinaba sobre los reyes de la tierra en el primer siglo, o sea Roma. Otros han pensado que se refiere a la Iglesia Católica Romana, pero NO es así. Primeramente, debemos entender que la Iglesia Católica Romana no existía en aquel entonces. Ella empezó cientos de años después y su jefe espiritual, "el Papa" no existía con el poder de que goza ahora hasta más de mil años después que Juan hubiera recibido esta visión. Así que con respecto a ese tiempo, la Iglesia Católica Romana no puede ser la gran ramera del libro de Apocalipsis. Además de esto, la ramera no era una iglesia sino una ciudad, con poder militar y político sobre los reyes de la tierra en aquel tiempo. Podemos discutir por mucho tiempo y alegar que la ramera representa una u otra cosa, pero la interpretación divina siempre está allí en el libro de Apocalipsis y está CLARA. La ramera era ROMA, la capital del imperio romano de aquel tiempo.

Ahora, con esta información, ¿quién fue la bestia? Ya aprendimos que fue un poder o sea un gobierno civil. También hemos visto que estaba relacionado íntimamente con la ramera. Y ahora sabemos que la ramera era la gran ciudad de Roma. Por tanto, es fácil concluir que la bestia era el imperio romano. Aún las siete cabezas que representaban siete montes y al mismo tiempo siete reyes confirman esto ya que la ciudad de Roma fue edificada sobre siete montes. La bestia de que habla El Apocalipsis fue EL PODER CIVIL DE ROMA, o sea EL IMPERIO ROMANO COMO PERSEGUIDOR DE LA IGLESIA, especialmente el poder investido en el propio emperador. Era el poder del imperio mismo que, por supuesto, fue investido en sus emperadores. Es cierto que ciertas características de la bestia han sido identificadas en varios personajes a través de los siglos, tanto gobernantes como dirigentes religiosos. Pero si aceptamos como final la interpretación que la misma Palabra de Dios nos da, tenemos que llegar a la conclusión que la bestia era el PODER CIVIL DE ROMA: ROMA LA PERSEGUIDORA DE LA IGLESIA. Y en realidad, comparando la descripción de la gran persecución que la bestia lanzó contra el pueblo de Dios con la que se desarrolló en el imperio romano en los últimos años del primer siglo, encontramos un acuerdo EXACTO.

Históricamente hubo dos períodos de grave persecución contra la iglesia por el emperador romano. El primero fue durante el reinado de Nerón (64-68 años después de Jesucristo) y el segundo trece años después durante el reinado de Domiciano (81-96 años después de Jesucristo). En esto podemos ver un acuerdo completo con Apocalipsis 17:8Apocalipsis 17:8
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8 The beast that you saw was, and is not; and is about to come up out of the abyss and to go into destruction. Those who dwell on the earth and whose names have not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world will marvel when they see that the beast was, and is not, and shall be present. TR reads “yet is” instead of “shall be present”

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que habla de la bestia que "era, y no es; y está para subir del abismo e ir a perdición".
También encontramos un acuerdo con Apocalipsis 17:9-11Apocalipsis 17:9-11
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9 Here is the mind that has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sits. 10 They are seven kings. Five have fallen, the one is, the other has not yet come. When he comes, he must continue a little while. 11 The beast that was, and is not, is himself also an eighth, and is of the seven; and he goes to destruction.

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que identifica a los siete reyes de la bestia de esta manera: "Cinco de ellos han caído, uno es, y el otro aún no ha venido y cuando venga es necesario que dure breve tiempo. La bestia que ERA, y NO ES, es también el OCTAVO; y es de entre los siete, y va a la perdición" (Apocalipsis 17:10,11Apocalipsis 17:10,11
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10 They are seven kings. Five have fallen, the one is, the other has not yet come. When he comes, he must continue a little while. 11 The beast that was, and is not, is himself also an eighth, and is of the seven; and he goes to destruction.

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). Considere lo siguiente: cinco reyes romanos ya habían caído (entre ellos "la bestia"): Augusto (30 AC – 17 AD); Tiberio (14-37 AD); Calígula (37-41 AD); Claudio (41-54 AD); Nerón (54-68 AD); Un rey estaba reinando cuando Juan recibió la visión: Vespasiano (69-79 DC). Después hubo un período inestable en el cual ninguno de tres hombres pudieron establecer su reinado (Galba, Oto y Vitelo 68-69). En seguida surgió el otro que aun no había venido cuando Juan recibió su vi sión – el séptimo emperador Tito (79-81). Pero él NO es la bestia. Y ciertamente no persiguió a la iglesia. Finalmente vino el octavo, la bestia, otro rey: Domiciano (81-96). El fue considerado como: uno de los siete porque trajo el mismo espíritu perseguidor de Nerón. Tertuliano en su "Apología'' en el capítulo 5 dice: "Consulte sus anales y allí encontrará a Nerón, el primer emperador que tiñó su espada en sangre cristiana cuando nuestra religión se empezaba a levantar en Roma …. Un largo tiempo después Domiciano, un ramo del sangriento Nerón hace unos atentados semejantes contra los cristianos. Eusebio en su Historia Eclesiástica libro 3, párrafo 17 dice: "El (Domiciano) al fin se mostró como heredero de la campaña de Nerón de hostilidad contra Dios. Fue el segundo que promovió la persecución contra nosotros aunque su padre Vespasiano no había planificado ninguna maldad contra nosotros." Cuando agregamos a las pruebas bíblicas esta corroboración histórica, no hay duda de la identificación de la bestia.

Pero hay otra prueba que debemos aplicar a esta interpretación todavía. ¿Qué tenía esto que ver con los cristianos a los cuales Juan escribió? ¡MUCHO! Eran ellos que estaban sufriendo y que iban a seguir sufriendo a las manos de esta bestia romana. El Señor Jesucristo no quiere dejarles en duda de que tendrán que sufrir más y gravemente. Pero también El quiere asegurarles que la gran enemiga de la iglesia de aquel tiempo sería castigada y al fin derrotada. De esto trata la gran batalla de Armagedón en la cual Cristo destruye a la bestia y a todos sus compañeros. Roma la perseguidora iba a ser derrotada por Cristo. Los cristianos perseguidos podían estar seguros de esto y la visión de Apocalipsis 19:11Apocalipsis 19:11
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war.

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-21 lo revelaba. Así que otra vez no puede haber duda sobre la identidad de la bestia.

Hay un punto más que necesitamos considerar acerca de la bestia. Ella es llamada por Satanás y apoderada por él para ayudar en la guerra contra los cristianos (Apocalipsis 12:17;13:2Apocalipsis 12:17;13:2
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17 The dragon grew angry with the woman, and went away to make war with the rest of her seed, who keep God’s commandments and hold Jesus’ testimony. 2 The beast which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority.

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)."Y el dragón le dio su poder y su trono, y grande autoridad", dice la Biblia. Esta bestia había estado obrando anteriormente, pero había sido herida y ahora vive y obra otra vez, declara el texto (Apocalipsis 13:3Apocalipsis 13:3
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3 One of his heads looked like it had been wounded fatally. His fatal wound was healed, and the whole earth marveled at the beast.

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). Fíjese bien que ella había estado en el abismo y luego salió de allí (Apocalipsis 17:8Apocalipsis 17:8
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8 The beast that you saw was, and is not; and is about to come up out of the abyss and to go into destruction. Those who dwell on the earth and whose names have not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world will marvel when they see that the beast was, and is not, and shall be present. TR reads “yet is” instead of “shall be present”

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) y que aquella zona estaba bajo el poder del destructor, que es Satanás mismo (Apocalipsis 9:11Apocalipsis 9:11
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11 They have over them as king the angel of the abyss. His name in Hebrew is “Abaddon,” “Abaddon” is a Hebrew word that means ruin, destruction, or the place of destruction but in Greek, he has the name “Apollyon.” “Apollyon” means “Destroyer.”

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). Cuando suba continuará con poder solamente por un tiempo relativamente breve (Apocalipsis 17:10; 13:5Apocalipsis 17:10; 13:5
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10 They are seven kings. Five have fallen, the one is, the other has not yet come. When he comes, he must continue a little while. 5 A mouth speaking great things and blasphemy was given to him. Authority to make war for forty-two months was given to him.

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– favor de leerlo en su Biblia ahorita). Y también se debe notar que esta es su última cabeza y, por tanto, su último período de persecución contra la iglesia del Señor (Apocalipsis 17:9-11Apocalipsis 17:9-11
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9 Here is the mind that has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sits. 10 They are seven kings. Five have fallen, the one is, the other has not yet come. When he comes, he must continue a little while. 11 The beast that was, and is not, is himself also an eighth, and is of the seven; and he goes to destruction.

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). Esto prohíbe la idea de que esta misma bestia pueda subir otra vez o continuar en otra forma sobre la faz de la tierra todavía en nuestro tiempo. Dios le estaba permitiendo poder otra vez solamente para que fuera enviado finalmente a la perdición (Apocalipsis17:8,11). La visión de Apocalipsis 19:20Apocalipsis 19:20
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20 The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet who worked the signs in his sight, with which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur.

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es DESPUÉS DE SU TIEMPO BREVE DE AUTORIDAD. En aquel tiempo ella fue lanzada al lago de fuego, es decir, a la perdición, PARA NO SUBIR OTRA VEZ CONTRA LOS SANTOS. Así que, en resumen, la bestia que Cristo destruyó en la batalla de Armagedón fue EL PODER CIVIL DE ROMA que EN AQUEL TIEMPO, cuando Juan escribió el libro de Apocalipsis, estaba persiguiendo a los cristianos. Después de un poco de tiempo, EL PODER PERSEGUIDOR del imperio romano iba a ser destruido, de una vez para siempre por Cristo. ESTA FUE LA GRAN BATALLA DE ARMAGEDON.

El Falso Profeta

Pero ¿qué del falso profeta? Ya que entendemos la identidad de la bestia, la del falso profeta es bastante sencilla ya que la relación entre ellos es íntima. Según Apocalipsis19:20 el falso profeta es aquel que "había hecho delante de ella (la bestia – nota del escritor) las señales con las cuales había engañado a los que recibieron la marca de la bestia, y habían adorado su imagen." El falso profeta es la "otra bestia" de Apocalipsis 13:11-15Apocalipsis 13:11-15
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11 I saw another beast coming up out of the earth. He had two horns like a lamb, and he spoke like a dragon. 12 He exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence. He makes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose fatal wound was healed. 13 He performs great signs, even making fire come down out of the sky to the earth in the sight of people. 14 He deceives my own people who dwell on the earth because of the signs he was granted to do in front of the beast; saying to those who dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast who had the sword wound and lived. 15 It was given to him to give breath to it, to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause as many as wouldn’t worship the image of the beast to be killed.

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que dice: "Después vi otra bestia que subía de la tierra; y tenía doce cuernos semejantes a los de un cordero, pero hablaba como dragón Y ejerce toda la autoridad de la primera bestia EN PRESENCIA DE ELLA Y HACE QUE la tierra y los moradores de ella ADOREN A LA PRIMERA BESTIA, cuya herida mortal fue sanada. También hace grandes señales, de tal manera que aun hace descender fuego del cielo a la tierra delante de los hombres. Y engaña a los moradores de la tierra con las señales que se le ha permitido hacer en presencia de la bestia, mandando a los moradores de la tierra que le hagan imagen a la bestia que tiene la herida de espada, y vivió. Y se le permitió infundir aliento a la imagen de la bestia, para que la imagen hablase e hiciese matar a todo el que no la adorase" (Apocalipsis 13:11-15Apocalipsis 13:11-15
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11 I saw another beast coming up out of the earth. He had two horns like a lamb, and he spoke like a dragon. 12 He exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence. He makes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose fatal wound was healed. 13 He performs great signs, even making fire come down out of the sky to the earth in the sight of people. 14 He deceives my own people who dwell on the earth because of the signs he was granted to do in front of the beast; saying to those who dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast who had the sword wound and lived. 15 It was given to him to give breath to it, to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause as many as wouldn’t worship the image of the beast to be killed.

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). Basado en estos textos aprendemos TRES PUNTOS que nos ayudan a identificar a este falso profeta. Por supuesto "muchos falsos profetas han salido por el mundo" (I Juan 4:1Juan 4:1
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4 1 Therefore when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John

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). Pero aquí estamos considerando el falso profeta que se relacionaba directamente con la bestia de Apocalipsis. Por tanto, tenemos que identificarlo basado en lo que El Apocalipsis nos dice. PRIMERAMENTE, los textos que citamos en Apocalipsis nos enseñan que LA AUTORIDAD DEL FALSO PROFETA PROVIENE DE LA BESTIA, o sea del EMPERADOR ROMANO. Es decir que sus enseñanzas están apoyadas por el estado romano y todo el poder de su ejército. SEGUNDO, aprendimos que este falso profeta PROMUEVE LA ADORACIÓN DE LA BESTIA, o sea del EMPERADOR ROMANO. Por tanto, es la directiva de una religión falsa, EL CULTO AL EMPERADOR ROMANO (la bestia). El punto básico de este culto era el homenaje al emperador romano por orden del falso profeta. TERCERO, la Biblia enseña que este fa1so profeta PERSIGUE A TODOS LOS QUE NO ADORAN A LA BESTIA (el emperador romano). Le suplico que lea otra vez con mucho cuidado los textos relacionados con el falso profeta para comprobar que LA BIBLIA, no los hombres, enseña EXACTAMENTE lo que hemos dicho (lea cuidadosamente Apocalipsis 13:11-15Apocalipsis 13:11-15
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11 I saw another beast coming up out of the earth. He had two horns like a lamb, and he spoke like a dragon. 12 He exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence. He makes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose fatal wound was healed. 13 He performs great signs, even making fire come down out of the sky to the earth in the sight of people. 14 He deceives my own people who dwell on the earth because of the signs he was granted to do in front of the beast; saying to those who dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast who had the sword wound and lived. 15 It was given to him to give breath to it, to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause as many as wouldn’t worship the image of the beast to be killed.

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; 19:20). Así que EL FALSO PROFETA representa LA FALSA RELIGIÓN DE ROMA EN EL TIEMPO DEL APÓSTOL JUAN y esta religión falsa era EL CULTO AL EMPERADOR ROMANO.

Para ayudar el entendimiento de la perspectiva histórica presentamos en seguida una breve explicación de las condiciones religiosas en el imperio romano al final del primer siglo. Recuerde que esto no es la prueba para nuestra interpretación del falso profeta. Esta se encuentra en el mismo libro de Apocalipsis. Esta sección histórica sirve sólo para aumentar nuestro entendimiento de la falsa religión representada en el falso profeta de Apocalipsis. Roma, siendo la capital del mundo en aquel tiempo, servía como centro de gobierno, riquezas y también de la religión del día. De acuerdo con la ley y la tradición romana, el jefe del estado, o sea el emperador, se consideraba DIVINO. Algunos emperadores aprovecharon esta creencia para recibir más homenaje del pueblo, así aumentando su importancia e influencia sobre el ciudadano. Uno de estos emperadores, Domiciano, reinó poco después que Juan recibió la visión de El Apocalipsis. A él le encantaba esa importancia y el homenaje que traía. Por supuesto, los cristianos fieles rehusaron adorar a cualquier hombre, puesto que tal culto sería infidelidad a Cristo. Pero, para los romanos esta actitud demostraba deslealtad al estado y nada menos que la traición. Así que cuando el emperador exigía ser adorado como "dios", el cristiano tuvo que escoger entre la deslealtad al estado y la infidelidad a Cristo. El resultado fue que la iglesia se consideró como una organización ilegal. Los romanos buscaron métodos para hacer cumplir el culto al emperador y para castigar a los cristianos "rebeldes". Se nombró un comité en cada provincia que tenía la responsabilidad de ver que se cumpliera con esta religión falsa y que los que no adoraran al emperador (los cristianos) fueran castigados. Este concilio edificaba imágenes del emperador, altares para su culto y de toda manera patrocinaba la religión del estado. Perseguía a la iglesia de muchas maneras, matando a algunos, expatriando a otros y expropiando las propiedades de otros.

A estos cristianos Jesús manda un mensaje de consolación en Apocalipsis 19:11Apocalipsis 19:11
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war.

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-21. Promete destruir tanto a la bestia como también a su aliado, el falso profeta. "Y la bestia fue apresada, y con ella el falso profeta … Estos dos fueron lanzados vivos dentro de un lago de fuego que arde con azufre" (Apocalipsis 19:20Apocalipsis 19:20
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20 The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet who worked the signs in his sight, with which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur.

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). Gracias a Dios que esta plaga YA fue quitada de la tierra por el poder de Cristo CIENTOS DE AÑOS antes de nuestro tiempo.

Los Reyes De La Tierra

En el principio del estudio de Apocalipsis 19:11Apocalipsis 19:11
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war.

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-21 sobre la batalla de Armagedón vimos tres enemigos de Cristo y Su ejército que fueron destruidos en aquel tiempo. Ya hemos estudiado sobre dos de ellos, la bestia y el falso profeta (el emperador romano y el culto al emperador). Ahora queremos ver la interpretación bíblica del tercer enemigo o sea el tercer grupo de enemigos llamado "los reyes de la tierra y sus ejércitos". Cuando la bestia primeramente apareció en Apocalipsis 13:1Apocalipsis 13:1
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13 1 Then I stood on the sand of the sea. I saw a beast coming up out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads. On his horns were ten crowns, and on his heads, blasphemous names.

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, Juan vio que tenía "siete cabezas y diez cuernos". Las siete cabezas representaban a los reyes romanos. En Apocalipsis 17:12,13Apocalipsis 17:12,13
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12 The ten horns that you saw are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet, but they receive authority as kings, with the beast, for one hour. 13 These have one mind, and they give their power and authority to the beast.

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encontramos la interpretación que Juan recibió de un ángel de Dios acerca de los diez cuernos. "Y los diez cuernos que has visto, son diez reyes, que aún no han recibido reino; pero por una hora recibirán autoridad como reyes JUNTAMENTE CON LA BESTIA. Estos tienen un mismo propósito, y entregarán su poder y su autoridad a la bestia" (Apocalipsis 17:12,13Apocalipsis 17:12,13
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12 The ten horns that you saw are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet, but they receive authority as kings, with the beast, for one hour. 13 These have one mind, and they give their power and authority to the beast.

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). Estos son los aliados de la bestia. Tienen el mismo propósito que ella, servir al diablo en su guerra contra los cristianos. También se debe notar que no son reyes sucesivos del mismo país sino de diferentes países y que recibieron su autoridad en un solo tiempo para ayudar a la bestia.

Así que los reyes de la tierra son los reinados aliados de Roma en su lucha contra Cristo y los cristianos. Ellos dan su reino a la bestia (Apocalipsis 17:7Apocalipsis 17:7
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7 The angel said to me, “Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns.

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) y pelean contra el Cordero (17:14). Pero ellos son vencidos por el Cordero y destruidos (Apocalipsis 17:14; 19:21Apocalipsis 17:14; 19:21
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14 These will war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings. They also will overcome who are with him, called and chosen and faithful.” 21 The rest were killed with the sword of him who sat on the horse, the sword which came forth out of his mouth. All the birds were filled with their flesh.

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).

Resumen De Armagedón

El mensaje de Apocalipsis 19:11Apocalipsis 19:11
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war.

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-21 es que Roma y todos sus aliados iban a ser juzgados y destruidos por el Señor. Habría venganza por la sangre de los santos (Apocalipsis 6:9-11Apocalipsis 6:9-11
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9 When he opened the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been killed for the Word of God, and for the testimony of the Lamb which they had. 10 They cried with a loud voice, saying, “How long, Master, the holy and true, until you judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell on the earth?” 11 A long white robe was given to each of them. They were told that they should rest yet for a while, until their fellow servants and their brothers, The word for “brothers” here and where context allows may also be correctly translated “brothers and sisters” or “siblings.” who would also be killed even as they were, should complete their course.

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). Dios ha obrado tales juicios temporales sobre naciones pecaminosas muchas veces en la historia del mundo. Lo ha hecho especialmente contra los enemigos de su pueblo. En el tiempo del Antiguo Testamento encontramos a los de Edom en el lagar del vino del furor y de la ira del Todopoderoso iguales a los romanos en Apocalipsis 19. Favor de leer Isaías 63:16.En el tiempo de Cristo encontramos a los judíos en la misma condición ya vuelto perseguidores de los cristianos (Mateo23:32-36; 24:27,30,31). En estos y muchos casos EL SEÑOR VINO PARA DESTRUIR A UNA NACIÓN REBELDE. Por supuesto, NO VINO EN FORMA VISIBLE, FÍSICA, NI PERSONAL A LA TIERRA EN ESTAS 0CASIONES. VINO EN LA PERSONA DE EJÉRCITOS HUMANOS. Ellos estaban bajo Su mando, probablemente sin saberlo. Había ocupado a los propios romanos para castigar a los judíos en el año 70 después de Cristo. Luego prometió castigar a los romanos por su iniquidad y por la persecución de los cristianos. Pero no debemos ver en esto la segunda venida de Cristo como pretenden los premilenialistas. Esta visión es sencillamente la destrucción de los romanos como poder universal y perseguidores del pueblo de Dios. ESTO YA FUE CUMPLIDO. Fue cumplido en la derrota del imperio romano como perseguidor mundial de la iglesia. Es cierto que Cristo viene otra vez, pero no va a venir a esta tierra. La Biblia enseña que cuando viene la segunda vez, nosotros le vamos a encontrar en el aire, no que El vendrá hasta este globo terrestre. "Porque el Señor mismo con voz de mando, con voz de arcángel, y con trompeta de Dios descenderá del cielo; y los muertos en Cristo resucitarán primero. Luego nosotros los que vivimos, los que hayamos quedado, seremos arrebatados juntamente con ellos en las nubes PARA RECIBIR AL SEÑOR EN EL AIRE, Y ASÍ ESTAREMOS SIEMPRE CON EL SEÑOR" (I Tesalonicenses 4:16,17es 4:16,17
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). Pero Apocalipsis 19 NO HABLA DE ESE DÍA FINAL sino del día en que Dios vengó la sangre de sus santos derribando a Roma y a todos sus aliados. ESA FUE LA GRAN BATALLA EN EL LUGAR LLAMADO ARMAGEDÓN.

Aplicación Práctica

Debe quedar claro en nuestras mentes que el cumplimiento de la profecía de Apocalipsis sobre Armagedón YA PASO. Pero no quiere decir que no haya ningún consuelo ni advertencia para nuestro tiempo. CUALQUIER GOBIERNO o jefe de estado que pretende tomar la gloria que pertenece a Dios o perseguir en alguna forma al pueblo de Dios TIENE EL ESPÍRITU DE LA BESTIA aunque no sea LITERALMENTE la bestia de que habla Apocalipsis. Pero por tener el mismo espíritu de la bestia, su fin será el mismo también: LA PERDICIÓN. Y CUALQUIER RELIGIÓN FALSA, sea cual sea, tendrá el mismo fin por participar en el mismo espíritu que tenía el falso profeta. Esta es la CONFIANZA DE LOS CRISTIANOS DEL SIGLO VEINTE y del venidero así como lo fue de los del primer siglo. Así que, aunque ya cumplida, esta profecía tiene gran significado para nosotros hoy en día. Sirve, tanto para los que tienen un espíritu de maldad, como para los que tratan de servir al Señor de acuerdo con Su Palabra. Para los unos sirve de advertencia y para los otros de gran consuelo y seguridad.
Los Mil Años

Introducción

Inmediatamente después de Armagedón empezaron los mil años. Hemos aprendido que Satanás, por medio del imperio romano y su religión falsa, había estado engañando a las naciones de la tierra para que se unieran en una gran campaña para destruir a la iglesia del Señor completamente, para raerla de la faz de tierra. Parecía a los cristianos en el tiempo del apóstol Juan que Roma podría destruir a la iglesia completamente. Sin embargo, Cristo les acaba de mostrar que, al contrario, Roma y sus aliados eran los que dentro de poco iban a ser destruidos por Jesús. Pero tiene que surgir la pregunta: "SI SATANÁS LEVANTO ESTE PODER PARA DESTRUIR A LA IGLESIA, ¿ POR QUE NO PUEDE LEVANTAR A OTRO? La respuesta a esta pregunta sigue en Apocalipsis 20:1-10Apocalipsis 20:1-10
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20 1 I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 He seized the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited earth, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time. 4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years. 7 And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and he will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to the war; the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. 9 They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them. 10 The devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

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en la visión de los mil años. En esta sección encontramos los siguientes acontecimientos: Satanás es prendido (20:1-3). Las almas de los santos decapitados reinan con Cristo por mil años. (20:4-6). Satanás es suelto y lanzado al lago de fuego (20:7-10). En seguida en Apocalipsis 20:11-15Apocalipsis 20:11-15
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11 I saw a great white throne, and him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. There was found no place for them. 12 I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and they opened books. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13 The sea gave up the dead who were in it. Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them. They were judged, each one according to his works. 14 Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 If anyone was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire.

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TODOS los que no son redimidos son juzgados y lanzados al lago de fuego juntamente con el hades y la muerte.

La Visión

He aquí la visión de los mil años: "Vi a un ángel que descendía del cielo, con la llave del abismo, y una gran cadena en la mano. Y prendió al dragón, la serpiente antigua, que es el diablo y Satanás, y lo ató por mil años; y lo arrojó al abismo, y lo encerró, y puso su sello sobre él, para que no engañase más a las naciones, hasta que fuesen cumplidos mil años y después de esto debe ser desatado por un poco de tiempo. Y vi tronos, y se sentaron sobre ellos los que recibieron facultad de juzgar; y vi las almas de los decapitados por causa del testimonio de Jesús y por la palabra de Dios, los que no habían adorado a la bestia ni a su imagen, y que no recibieron la marca en sus frentes ni en sus manos; y vivieron y reinaron con Cristo mil años. Esta es la primera resurrección. Bienaventurado y santo el que tiene parte en la primera resurrección; la segunda muerte no tiene potestad sobre éstos, sino que serán sacerdotes de Dios y de Cristo, y reinarán con él mil años: Cuando los mil años se cumplan, Satanás sera suelto de su prisión, y saldrá a engañar a las naciones que están en los cuatro ángulos de la tierra, a Gog y a Magog, a fin de reunirlos para la batalla; el número de los cuales es como la arena del mar. Y subieron sobre la anchura de la tierra, y rodearon el campamento de los santos y la ciudad amada; y descendió fuego del cielo, y los consumió. Y el diablo que los engañaba fue lanzado en el lago de fuego y azufre, donde estaban la bestia y el falso profeta; y serán atormentados día y noche por los siglos de los siglos" (Apocalipsis 20:1-10Apocalipsis 20:1-10
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20 1 I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 He seized the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited earth, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time. 4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years. 7 And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and he will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to the war; the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. 9 They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them. 10 The devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

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).

Satanás Atado

Inmediatamente después de la destrucción de la bestia(el emperador romano) y el falso profeta (la falsa religión de Roma – el culto al emperador), Satanás fue atado. Y luego fue puesto en su propio cuartel, el abismo (Apocalipsis 20:3Apocalipsis 20:3
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3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time.

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). Pero ahora hay algo muy diferente: EL ABISMO ESTA SELLADO.

Recordará que Satanás es el rey del abismo (Apocalipsis 9:11Apocalipsis 9:11
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11 They have over them as king the angel of the abyss. His name in Hebrew is “Abaddon,” “Abaddon” is a Hebrew word that means ruin, destruction, or the place of destruction but in Greek, he has the name “Apollyon.” “Apollyon” means “Destroyer.”

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) y que mandaba a la bestia desde allí para la destrucción de la iglesia (Apocalipsis 17:8Apocalipsis 17:8
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8 The beast that you saw was, and is not; and is about to come up out of the abyss and to go into destruction. Those who dwell on the earth and whose names have not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world will marvel when they see that the beast was, and is not, and shall be present. TR reads “yet is” instead of “shall be present”

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), pero ahora no puede salir él ni mandar sus tropas desde allí puesto que su propio cuartel se ha convertido en PRISIÓN.

Es muy importante que reconozcamos EL SENTIDO en que Satanás es atado. Apocalipsis 20:3Apocalipsis 20:3
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3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time.

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dice que fue encerrado en el abismo durante mil años PARA QUE NO ENGAÑASE MAS A LAS NACIONES. Después de mil años va a salir libre a engañar a las naciones otra vez y en Apocalipsis 20:7-9Apocalipsis 20:7-9
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7 And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and he will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to the war; the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. 9 They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them.

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se ve claramente la naturaleza del engaño que practicará en ellas. Las engañará para que se unan a perseguir y tratar de destruir la iglesia del Señor. "Y subieron sobre la anchura de la tierra y rodearon el campamento de los santos y la ciudad amada" (Apocalipsis 20:9Apocalipsis 20:9
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9 They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them.

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). Recordará que era exactamente tal engaño que Satanás estaba practicando por medio del imperio romano en el tiempo en que Juan escribió. Como notamos antes, parecía que Roma podría destruir la iglesia completamente. Pero Jesús les prometió que iba a destruir a Roma y a sus aliados dentro de poco tiempo (Apocalipsis 19:11Apocalipsis 19:11
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war.

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-21). Pero ¿qué de Satanás? ¿No podrá levantar otras naciones que le ayuden en su lucha por destruir la iglesia? La respuesta de Apocalipsis 20:1-3Apocalipsis 20:1-3
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20 1 I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 He seized the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited earth, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time.

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es que NO. Inmediatamente después de derribar a Roma como imperio mundial y perseguidor de la iglesia (acto terminado hace más de mil años YA), Satanás iba a ser encerrado en su propio abismo y no podría salir para llevar a cabo tal engaño hasta que se terminen los mil años. ESTO NO QUIERE DECIR QUE NO IBA A PODER ENGAÑAR A LOS HOMBRES EN CUANTO AL PECADO. Satanás es limitado durante los mil años ÚNICAMENTE en el sentido de NO PODER ENGAÑAR A LAS NACIONES PARA QUE PERSIGAN A LA IGLESIA COMO HACÍAN EN EL TIEMPO DE JUAN PARA DESTRUIRLA COMPLETAMENTE. EL ENGAÑO DEL PECADO SIEMPRE SIGUE. Tampoco debemos pensar que no haya ninguna persecución durante este período. Pero no la hay de una naturaleza tan potente y destructora como para amenazar la propia existencia de la iglesia en toda la tierra (como fue el caso en los días de Juan). Es decir que no sería una persecución universal que podría eliminar la iglesia de la faz de la tierra. No sería una persecución coordinada entre las naciones de la tierra. Según la Biblia, es ÚNICAMENTE en este sentido que Satanás iba a ser atado durante los mil años. Pero esto daba gran seguridad y confianza a los cristianos perseguidos del primer siglo y debe asegurarnos a nosotros hoy día también que la iglesia saldrá victoriosa y que ni el mismo diablo puede causar que fracasemos si seguimos fieles al Omnipotente Dios que promete la victoria a los suyos. PERO NO DEBEMOS AÑADIR a lo que la Biblia dice y decir que durante los mil años no habría ningún conflicto, ninguna persecución, ninguna tentación de parte del diablo. Dios nunca ha prometido tal cosa mientras estemos en esta vida terrenal. Tal interpretación sería falsa ya que la Biblia no enseña esto. EN CUANTO A SATANÁS, el tiempo de los mil años iba a ser UN TIEMPO EN QUE ESTUVIERA LIMITADO EN CUANTO AL ENGAÑO DE LAS NACIONES DE LA TIERRA PARA LA PERSECUCIÓN UNIVERSAL DE LA IGLESIA.

El Significado de Los MIL Años

¿Cuál es el significado verdadero de este tiempo nombrado "MIL AÑOS"? Muchos piensan que sea un tiempo literal de 365.000 días literales. Pero hay por lo menos TRES RAZONES por qué NO ES POSIBLE aceptar esta teoría.

PRIMERAMENTE, ya han pasado un MÍNIMO de 1.500 años después del principio de este período Los “mil años” empezaron inmediatamente después de la derrota de la bestia, o sea después de la derrota de Roma como imperio mundial que perseguía a la iglesia. Según la historia, ese imperio llegó solamente al quinto siglo después de Cristo (aproximadamente 476 años después de Cristo). Así que LO MENOS que pueden tener los mil años de haber empezado son 1.500 años Y si consideramos que LA BESTIA realmente fue destruido antes del imperio, en la muerte de DOMICIANO en el año 96 después de Cristo, la suma de los años YA PASADOS llega a 1.900. Tomando este período de "mil años literalmente, el mundo ya se habría terminado hace cientos de años. Así que el contexto bíblica e histórico niega la posibilidad de interpretar los "mil años literalmente.

SEGUNDO, el libro de El Apocalipsis ES UN LIBRO SIMBÓLICO. Esto no quiere decir que no hay nada literal en el libro. Tenemos, por ejemplo, "la isla llamada Patmos" en Apocalipsis 1:9Apocalipsis 1:9
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9 I John, your brother and partner with you in oppression, Kingdom, and perseverance in Christ Jesus, was on the isle that is called Patmos because of God’s Word and the testimony of Jesus Christ.

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que es una isla literal. Pero el contexto aclara cuando se trata de lo literal y lo simbólico. Desde el primer capítulo encontramos que candeleros representan iglesias y estrellas son ángeles (Apocalipsis 1:20Apocalipsis 1:20
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20 the mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden lampstands. The seven stars are the angels of the seven assemblies. The seven lampstands are seven assemblies.

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). Un repaso del libro revela muchos símbolos, muchos de los cuales son números. En verdad, desde el primer versículo del libro Juan declara que es un libro de símbolos. "La revelación de Jesucristo, que Dios le dio, para manifestar a sus siervos las cosas que deben suceder pronto; y la declaró enviándola por medio de su ángel a su siervo Juan" (Apocalipsis 1:1Apocalipsis 1:1
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The Revelation to John 1 1 This is the Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things which must happen soon, which he sent and made known by his angel to his servant, John,

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). La palabra "declaró" en griego (idioma original en que fue escrito el libro) viene de la palabra que significa "SEÑALES" o "SÍMBOLOS". Así que Juan recibió este mensaje de Dios por medio de SEÑALES o SÍMBOLOS. La revelación del Señor le fue "SEÑALADA" o sea "SIMBOLIZADA". Si el libro, desde el principio, nos declara que contiene símbolos, ¿por qué tratarían los hombres de hacer literal el período de los mil años? No es lógico y seguramente no es buena interpretación bíblica.

TERCERO, el pasaje bajo consideración es un pasaje decididamente SIMBÓLICO. TODOS RECONOCEN ESTO. Considere los siguientes símbolos de Apocalipsis 19:11-20:10Apocalipsis 19:11-20:10
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has names written and a name written which no one knows but he himself. 13 He is clothed in a garment sprinkled with blood. His name is called “The Word of God.” 14 The armies which are in heaven followed him on white horses, clothed in white, pure, fine linen. 15 Out of his mouth proceeds a sharp, double-edged sword, that with it he should strike the nations. He will rule them with a rod of iron. He treads the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 He has on his garment and on his thigh a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” 17 I saw an angel standing in the sun. He cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the sky, “Come! Be gathered together to the great supper of God, TR reads “supper of the great God” instead of “great supper of God” 18 that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and slave, and small and great.” 19 I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him who sat on the horse, and against his army. 20 The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet who worked the signs in his sight, with which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. 21 The rest were killed with the sword of him who sat on the horse, the sword which came forth out of his mouth. All the birds were filled with their flesh. 20 1 I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 He seized the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited earth, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time. 4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years. 7 And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and he will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to the war; the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. 9 They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them. 10 The devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

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, que TODOS tienen que reconocer como SÍMBOLOS: (1) un caballo blanco; (2) lino finísimo; (3) la espada aguda que sale de su boca; (4) la vara de hierro; (5) pisa el lagar del vino del furor y de la ira del Dios Todopoderoso; (6) nombre escrito en su muslo; (7) las aves; (8) la bestia; (9) la llave; (10) el abismo; (11) la cadena; (12) el dragón; (13) la serpiente; y más. NADIE PIENSA QUE TODO ESTO SEA LITERAL. ¿Vamos a creer que Satanás sea un dragón literal que puede ser atado con una cadena literal y encerrado en un abismo literal con un sello literal? Nadie cree así. ¿POR QUE INSISTEN EN TOMAR EL PERIODO DE MIL AÑOS COMO ALGO LITERAL? NO ES POSIBLE. Si todo aquello es simbólico, el período de tiempo también tiene que ser simbólico, mayormente cuando consideramos la imposibilidad de interpretarlo literalmente en el contexto bíblico e histórico de la visión como ya notamos.

Pero si el tiempo de “mil años” es simbólico, tiene que simbolizar algo. Pero la única manera segura de interpretar este símbolo es por dejar que la Biblia nos dé la interpretación. Así que primeramente vamos a considerar el contexto en El Apocalipsis y luego el uso simbólico del número mil en la Biblia. De otra manera lo que decimos sobre los mil años sería simplemente otra opinión humana sin ningún valor.

Primeramente, en El Apocalipsis notamos que este período de “mil años”cae en medio de dos períodos mas breves que son designados como "poco tiempo". En el capítulo donde empieza la serie de visiones sobre la persecución de la iglesia por el diablo y sus instrumentos, la bestia y el falso profeta, encontramos el primer período. "Por lo cual alegraos, cielos y los que moráis en ellos. ¡Ay de los moradores de la tierra! porque el diablo ha descendido a vosotros con gran ira, sabiendo que tiene POCO TIEMPO" (Apocalipsis 12:12Apocalipsis 12:12
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12 Therefore rejoice, heavens, and you who dwell in them. Woe to the earth and to the sea, because the devil has gone down to you, having great wrath, knowing that he has but a short time.”

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). "Entonces el dragón se llenó de ira contra la mujer; y se fue a hacer guerra contra el resto de la descendencia de ella, los que guardan los mandamientos de Dios y tienen el testimonio de Jesucristo" (Apocalipsis 12:17Apocalipsis 12:17
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17 The dragon grew angry with the woman, and went away to make war with the rest of her seed, who keep God’s commandments and hold Jesus’ testimony.

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). Del capítulo 13 y el versículo 1 al final del capítulo 19 encontramos visiones sobre la persecución que el dragón lanzó contra los cristianos por medio del imperio romano durante este poco tiempo que tenía para andar libremente contra la iglesia. (APOCALIPSIS 13:1-19:21APOCALIPSIS 13:1-19:21
English: World English Bible - WEB

13 1 Then I stood on the sand of the sea. I saw a beast coming up out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads. On his horns were ten crowns, and on his heads, blasphemous names. 2 The beast which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority. 3 One of his heads looked like it had been wounded fatally. His fatal wound was healed, and the whole earth marveled at the beast. 4 They worshiped the dragon, because he gave his authority to the beast, and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him?” 5 A mouth speaking great things and blasphemy was given to him. Authority to make war for forty-two months was given to him. 6 He opened his mouth for blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his dwelling, those who dwell in heaven. 7 It was given to him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them. Authority over every tribe, people, language, and nation was given to him. 8 All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who has been killed. 9 If anyone has an ear, let him hear. 10 If anyone has captivity, he will go. If anyone is with the sword, he must be killed. TR reads “If anyone leads into captivity, into captivity he goes. If anyone will kill with the sword, he must be killed with a sword.” instead of “If anyone has captivity, he goes away. If anyone is with the sword, he must be killed.” Here is the endurance and the faith of the saints. 11 I saw another beast coming up out of the earth. He had two horns like a lamb, and he spoke like a dragon. 12 He exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence. He makes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose fatal wound was healed. 13 He performs great signs, even making fire come down out of the sky to the earth in the sight of people. 14 He deceives my own people who dwell on the earth because of the signs he was granted to do in front of the beast; saying to those who dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast who had the sword wound and lived. 15 It was given to him to give breath to it, to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause as many as wouldn’t worship the image of the beast to be killed. 16 He causes all, the small and the great, the rich and the poor, and the free and the slave, to be given marks on their right hands, or on their foreheads; 17 and that no one would be able to buy or to sell, unless he has that mark, the name of the beast or the number of his name. 18 Here is wisdom. He who has understanding, let him calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man. His number is six hundred sixty-six. 14 1 I saw, and behold, the Lamb standing on Mount Zion, and with him a number, one hundred forty-four thousand, having his name, and the name of his Father, written on their foreheads. 2 I heard a sound from heaven, like the sound of many waters, and like the sound of a great thunder. The sound which I heard was like that of harpists playing on their harps. 3 They sing a new song before the throne, and before the four living creatures and the elders. No one could learn the song except the one hundred forty-four thousand, those who had been redeemed out of the earth. 4 These are those who were not defiled with women, for they are virgins. These are those who follow the Lamb wherever he goes. These were redeemed by Jesus from among men, the first fruits to God and to the Lamb. 5 In their mouth was found no lie, for they are blameless. TR adds “before the throne of God” 6 I saw an angel flying in mid heaven, having an eternal Gospel to proclaim to those who dwell on the earth, and to every nation, tribe, language, and people. 7 He said with a loud voice, “Fear the Lord, and give him glory; for the hour of his judgment has come. Worship him who made the heaven, the earth, the sea, and the springs of waters!” 8 Another, a second angel, followed, saying, “Babylon the great has fallen, which has made all the nations to drink of the wine of the wrath of her sexual immorality.” 9 Another angel, a third, followed them, saying with a great voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives a mark on his forehead, or on his hand, 10 he also will drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is prepared unmixed in the cup of his anger. He will be tormented with fire and sulfur in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb. 11 The smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever. They have no rest day and night, those who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name. 12 Here is the patience of the saints, those who keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.” 13 I heard the voice from heaven saying, “Write, ‘Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on.’” “Yes,” says the Spirit, “that they may rest from their labors; for their works follow with them.” 14 I looked, and behold, a white cloud; and on the cloud one sitting like a son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle. 15 Another angel came out from the temple, crying with a loud voice to him who sat on the cloud, “Send forth your sickle, and reap; for the hour to reap has come; for the harvest of the earth is ripe!” 16 He who sat on the cloud thrust his sickle on the earth, and the earth was reaped. 17 Another angel came out from the temple which is in heaven. He also had a sharp sickle. 18 Another angel came out from the altar, he who has power over fire, and he called with a great voice to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Send forth your sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for the earth’s grapes are fully ripe!” 19 The angel thrust his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vintage of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. 20 The winepress was trodden outside of the city, and blood came out from the winepress, even to the bridles of the horses, as far as one thousand six hundred stadia. 1600 stadia = 296 kilometers or 184 miles 15 1 I saw another great and marvelous sign in the sky: seven angels having the seven last plagues, for in them God’s wrath is finished. 2 I saw something like a sea of glass mixed with fire, and those who overcame the beast, his image, TR adds “his mark,” and the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, having harps of God. 3 They sang the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, “Great and marvelous are your works, Lord God, the Almighty; Righteous and true are your ways, you King of the nations. 4 Who wouldn’t fear you, Lord, And glorify your name? For you only are holy. For all the nations will come and worship before you. For your righteous acts have been revealed.” 5 After these things I looked, and the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened. 6 The seven angels who had the seven plagues came out, clothed with pure, bright linen, and wearing golden sashes around their breasts. 7 One of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God, who lives forever and ever. 8 The temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power. No one was able to enter into the temple, until the seven plagues of the seven angels would be finished. 16 1 I heard a loud voice out of the temple, saying to the seven angels, “Go and pour out the seven bowls of the wrath of God on the earth!” 2 The first went, and poured out his bowl into the earth, and it became a harmful and evil sore on the people who had the mark of the beast, and who worshiped his image. 3 The second angel poured out his bowl into the sea, and it became blood as of a dead man. Every living thing in the sea died. 4 The third poured out his bowl into the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. 5 I heard the angel of the waters saying, “You are righteous, who are and who were, you Holy One, because you have judged these things. 6 For they poured out the blood of the saints and the prophets, and you have given them blood to drink. They deserve this.” 7 I heard the altar saying, “Yes, Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous are your judgments.” 8 The fourth poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was given to him to scorch men with fire. 9 People were scorched with great heat, and people blasphemed the name of God who has the power over these plagues. They didn’t repent and give him glory. 10 The fifth poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom was darkened. They gnawed their tongues because of the pain, 11 and they blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores. They didn’t repent of their works. 12 The sixth poured out his bowl on the great river, the Euphrates. Its water was dried up, that the way might be made ready for the kings that come from the sunrise. 13 I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits, something like frogs; 14 for they are spirits of demons, performing signs; which go forth to the kings of the whole inhabited earth, to gather them together for the war of that great day of God, the Almighty. 15 “Behold, I come like a thief. Blessed is he who watches, and keeps his clothes, so that he doesn’t walk naked, and they see his shame.” 16 He gathered them together into the place which is called in Hebrew, Megiddo. 17 The seventh poured out his bowl into the air. A loud voice came forth out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, “It is done!” 18 There were lightnings, sounds, and thunders; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since there were men on the earth, so great an earthquake, so mighty. 19 The great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. Babylon the great was remembered in the sight of God, to give to her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. 20 Every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 Great hailstones, about the weight of a talent, 1 talent is about 34 kilograms or 75 pounds came down out of the sky on people. People blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, for this plague is exceedingly severe. 17 1 One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying, “Come here. I will show you the judgment of the great prostitute who sits on many waters, 2 with whom the kings of the earth committed sexual immorality, and those who dwell in the earth were made drunken with the wine of her sexual immorality.” 3 He carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness. I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet-colored animal, full of blasphemous names, having seven heads and ten horns. 4 The woman was dressed in purple and scarlet, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the impurities of the sexual immorality of the earth. 5 And on her forehead a name was written, “MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF THE PROSTITUTES AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.” 6 I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus. When I saw her, I wondered with great amazement. 7 The angel said to me, “Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns. 8 The beast that you saw was, and is not; and is about to come up out of the abyss and to go into destruction. Those who dwell on the earth and whose names have not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world will marvel when they see that the beast was, and is not, and shall be present. TR reads “yet is” instead of “shall be present” 9 Here is the mind that has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sits. 10 They are seven kings. Five have fallen, the one is, the other has not yet come. When he comes, he must continue a little while. 11 The beast that was, and is not, is himself also an eighth, and is of the seven; and he goes to destruction. 12 The ten horns that you saw are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet, but they receive authority as kings, with the beast, for one hour. 13 These have one mind, and they give their power and authority to the beast. 14 These will war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings. They also will overcome who are with him, called and chosen and faithful.” 15 He said to me, “The waters which you saw, where the prostitute sits, are peoples, multitudes, nations, and languages. 16 The ten horns which you saw, and the beast, these will hate the prostitute, and will make her desolate, and will make her naked, and will eat her flesh, and will burn her utterly with fire. 17 For God has put in their hearts to do what he has in mind, and to be of one mind, and to give their kingdom to the beast, until the words of God should be accomplished. 18 The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.” 18 1 After these things, I saw another angel coming down out of the sky, having great authority. The earth was illuminated with his glory. 2 He cried with a mighty voice, saying, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great, and she has become a habitation of demons, a prison of every unclean spirit, and a prison of every unclean and hateful bird! 3 For all the nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her sexual immorality, the kings of the earth committed sexual immorality with her, and the merchants of the earth grew rich from the abundance of her luxury.” 4 I heard another voice from heaven, saying, “Come out of her, my people, that you have no participation in her sins, and that you don’t receive of her plagues, 5 for her sins have reached to the sky, and God has remembered her iniquities. 6 Return to her just as she returned, and repay her double as she did, and according to her works. In the cup which she mixed, mix to her double. 7 However much she glorified herself, and grew wanton, so much give her of torment and mourning. For she says in her heart, ‘I sit a queen, and am no widow, and will in no way see mourning.’ 8 Therefore in one day her plagues will come: death, mourning, and famine; and she will be utterly burned with fire; for the Lord God who has judged her is strong. 9 The kings of the earth, who committed sexual immorality and lived wantonly with her, will weep and wail over her, when they look at the smoke of her burning, 10 standing far away for the fear of her torment, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, Babylon, the strong city! For your judgment has come in one hour.’ 11 The merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, for no one buys their merchandise any more; 12 merchandise of gold, silver, precious stones, pearls, fine linen, purple, silk, scarlet, all expensive wood, every vessel of ivory, every vessel made of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble; 13 and cinnamon, incense, perfume, frankincense, wine, olive oil, fine flour, wheat, sheep, horses, chariots, and people's bodies and souls. 14 The fruits which your soul lusted after have been lost to you, and all things that were dainty and sumptuous have perished from you, and you will find them no more at all. 15 The merchants of these things, who were made rich by her, will stand far away for the fear of her torment, weeping and mourning; 16 saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, she who was dressed in fine linen, purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls! 17 For in an hour such great riches are made desolate.’ Every shipmaster, and everyone who sails anywhere, and mariners, and as many as gain their living by sea, stood far away, 18 and cried out as they looked at the smoke of her burning, saying, ‘What is like the great city?’ 19 They cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and mourning, saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, in which all who had their ships in the sea were made rich by reason of her great wealth!’ For in one hour is she made desolate. 20 Rejoice over her, O heaven, you saints, apostles, and prophets; for God has judged your judgment on her.” 21 A mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone and cast it into the sea, saying, “Thus with violence will Babylon, the great city, be thrown down, and will be found no more at all. 22 The voice of harpists, minstrels, flute players, and trumpeters will be heard no more at all in you. No craftsman, of whatever craft, will be found any more at all in you. The sound of a mill will be heard no more at all in you. 23 The light of a lamp will shine no more at all in you. The voice of the bridegroom and of the bride will be heard no more at all in you; for your merchants were the princes of the earth; for with your sorcery all the nations were deceived. 24 In her was found the blood of prophets and of saints, and of all who have been slain on the earth.” 19 1 After these things I heard something like a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying, “Hallelujah! Salvation, power, and glory belong to our God: 2 for true and righteous are his judgments. For he has judged the great prostitute, who corrupted the earth with her sexual immorality, and he has avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.” 3 A second said, “Hallelujah! Her smoke goes up forever and ever.” 4 The twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God who sits on the throne, saying, “Amen! Hallelujah!” 5 A voice came forth from the throne, saying, “Give praise to our God, all you his servants, you who fear him, the small and the great!” 6 I heard something like the voice of a great multitude, and like the voice of many waters, and like the voice of mighty thunders, saying, “Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns! 7 Let us rejoice and be exceedingly glad, and let us give the glory to him. For the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his wife has made herself ready.” 8 It was given to her that she would array herself in bright, pure, fine linen: for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints. 9 He said to me, “Write, ‘Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.’” He said to me, “These are true words of God.” 10 I fell down before his feet to worship him. He said to me, “Look! Don’t do it! I am a fellow bondservant with you and with your brothers who hold the testimony of Jesus. Worship God, for the testimony of Jesus is the Spirit of Prophecy.” 11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has names written and a name written which no one knows but he himself. 13 He is clothed in a garment sprinkled with blood. His name is called “The Word of God.” 14 The armies which are in heaven followed him on white horses, clothed in white, pure, fine linen. 15 Out of his mouth proceeds a sharp, double-edged sword, that with it he should strike the nations. He will rule them with a rod of iron. He treads the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 He has on his garment and on his thigh a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” 17 I saw an angel standing in the sun. He cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the sky, “Come! Be gathered together to the great supper of God, TR reads “supper of the great God” instead of “great supper of God” 18 that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and slave, and small and great.” 19 I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him who sat on the horse, and against his army. 20 The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet who worked the signs in his sight, with which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. 21 The rest were killed with the sword of him who sat on the horse, the sword which came forth out of his mouth. All the birds were filled with their flesh.

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= UN POCO DE TIEMPO PARA PERSECUCIÓN MUNDIAL DE LA IGLESIA). Pero en el capítulo 20 y el versículo 1 este poco de tiempo ha terminado y empieza un tiempo largo (mil años en que Satanás es atado y encerrado para no andar engañando a las naciones para la destrucción de la iglesia a través de la persecución abierta y mundial. (APOCALIPSIS 20:1-6APOCALIPSIS 20:1-6
English: World English Bible - WEB

20 1 I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 He seized the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited earth, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time. 4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years.

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= UN LARGO TIEMPO DE "MIL AÑOS" EN LOS CUALES EL DIABLO ESTA ATADO Y LIMITADO EN SU GUERRA CONTRA LA IGLESIA).

Después de este tiempo largo (simbólicamente llamado “mil años”) Satanás "debe ser desatado por un poco de tiempo" (Apocalipsis 20:3Apocalipsis 20:3
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3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time.

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). "Saldrá a engañar a las naciones" para que se reúnan contra el pueblo de Dios una vez más (APOCALIPSIS 20:6-9APOCALIPSIS 20:6-9
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6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years. 7 And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and he will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to the war; the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. 9 They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them.

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= UN POCO DE TIEMPO PARA PERSECUCIÓN MUNDIAL DE LA IGLESIA).

Pero cuando están listos para ir contra la iglesia para su destrucción descenderán fuego del cielo y los consumirá y entonces será el fin (Apocalipsis 20:9Apocalipsis 20:9
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9 They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them.

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) y el juicio final comenzará (Apocalipsis 20:11-15Apocalipsis 20:11-15
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11 I saw a great white throne, and him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. There was found no place for them. 12 I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and they opened books. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13 The sea gave up the dead who were in it. Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them. They were judged, each one according to his works. 14 Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 If anyone was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire.

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). (APOCALIPSIS 20:9-15APOCALIPSIS 20:9-15
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9 They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them. 10 The devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever. 11 I saw a great white throne, and him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. There was found no place for them. 12 I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and they opened books. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13 The sea gave up the dead who were in it. Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them. They were judged, each one according to his works. 14 Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 If anyone was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire.

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= EL FIN DEL MUNDO Y SATANÁS ES LANZADO EN EL INFIERNO ETERNO; EL JUICIO FINAL).

Así que LOS MIL AÑOS, de acuerdo con el libro de Apocalipsis (el único libro en toda la Biblia te de este período de tiempo), quedan como un paréntesis entre los grandes esfuerzos de Satanás para la destrucción de la iglesia por medio de la persecución de las naciones de la tierra. EN EL TIEMPO DEL PRIMER SIGLO el diablo recibió UN POCO DE TIEMPO para la persecución mundial de la iglesia, a, Y AL FINAL DEL TIEMPO recibirá OTRO POCO DE TIEMPO para lo mismo. Pero en todo el tiempo en medio está EL MILENIO, LOS MIL AÑOS, un tiempo en que Satanás está atado y no puede salir a engañar a las naciones para la persecución de la iglesia.

Así que el mensaje a los cristianos perseguidos en el tiempo del apóstol Juan era que esta persecución sería relativamente breve y que después de ella el diablo sería limitado en su persecución de los santos hasta los últimos días del mundo ( o sea durante "mil años”) y que luego sería desatado pero no para la victoria sino para la destrucción. Por tanto, el milenio empezó con la destrucción del imperio romano como perseguidor de la iglesia y seguirá (no por un tiempo literal de mil años sino ) hasta un poco antes del fin del mundo. Ahorita estamos viviendo en el tiempo designado "mil anos" en el libro de Apocalipsis. Los mil anos son todos los años después de Armagedón hasta un poco antes del fin.

Esta idea de la TOTALIDAD es la idea usada varias veces en la Biblia y SIMBOLIZADA POR EL NUMERO MIL. Por ejemplo podemos leer en Salmos 50:10Salmos 50:10
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10 For every animal of the forest is mine, And the cattle on a thousand hills.

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, "Porque mía es toda la bestia del bosque, Y los millares de animales en los collados". Cuando Jehová dice que suyos son los MILLARES de animales en los collados, está diciendo que TODOS estos animales son suyos. En Salmos 105:8Salmos 105:8
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8 He has remembered his covenant forever, The word which he commanded to a thousand generations,

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la Biblia dice, "Se acordó PARA SIEMPRE de su pacto, De la palabra que mandó para MIL generaciones." Cuando la Palabra dice que Dios se acordó de su palabra para MIL generaciones, NO QUIERE DECIR que esta palabra quedó en vigencia por tanto tiempo literal. Quiere decir, como ya había di cho literalmente, PARA SIEMPRE, o sea PARA TODAS las generaciones. Encontramos el mismo caso en Deuteronomio 7:9Deuteronomio 7:9
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9 Know therefore that Yahweh your God, he is God, the faithful God, who keeps covenant and loving kindness with them who love him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations,

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. "Conoce, pues, que Jehová tu Dios es Dios, Dios fiel, que guarda el pacto y la misericordia a los que le aman y guardan sus mandamientos, hasta MIL GENERACIONES". Lea también Éxodo 20: 6. En todos estos ejemplos podemos ver que el número MIL se ocupa para describir SIMBÓLICAMENTE una gran cantidad de algo ya sean animales, generaciones o años. Significa TODO lo que hay de algo. Así que LOS MIL AÑOS significan TODOS aquellos años en los cuales Satanás está atado y los cristianos viven libres de la persecución mundial por las naciones como la que sufrieron en el primer siglo por medio de la nación de Roma. Son TODOS los años después de la derrota de Roma como perseguidora de la iglesia hasta POCO antes del fin y el juicio final.

Quiero recordarle que la interpretación literal de los mil años no cabe en el contexto del libro, del capítulo, de la Biblia o de la historia. Lo importante en cuanto al milenio NO ES LA CANTIDAD de años que dure sino LO QUE SUCEDE EN ESTE PERIODO. Y lo más importante para los cristianos era que el tiempo de persecución abierta cesaría luego y que sería seguido por un LARGO descanso de TAL persecución porque el gran enemigo estaría encerrado en el abismo. He aquí la perspectiva para los cristianos del primer siglo:
• Breve Persecución
• Roma Destruida
• Mil Años
• Satanás Destruido
• El Fin De Este Mundo
• El Juicio Final
• Gloria Eterna Para Los Fieles

El Reino De Las Almas De Los Santos Muertos

En Apocalipsis 20:4-6Apocalipsis 20:4-6
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4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years.

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hay otro asunto de mucha importancia que todavía no hemos considerado. Esto también sucede durante los mil años. Es el reino de las almas de los santos muertos. Le suplico que vuelva a leer Apocalipsis 20:4-6Apocalipsis 20:4-6
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4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years.

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. Este reino está íntimamente relacionado con la LIMITACIÓN del poder de Satanás y dura por el mismo tiempo: "MIL AÑOS".

El énfasis se da al reino de estos mártires, no al reino de Cristo. “Y vivieron y REINARON con Cristo mil años” (Apocalipsis 20:4Apocalipsis 20:4
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4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years.

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). Claro que Cristo estaba reinando también pero Su reino no empezó al principio de los mil años. El reino de Cristo ya había empezado desde el día de Pentecostés después de Su ascensión a la diestra de Dios para sentarse en el TRONO de David (lea Hechos 2:22-36Hechos 2:22-36
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22 “Men of Israel, hear these words! Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved by God to you by mighty works and wonders and signs which God did by him in the midst of you, even as you yourselves know, 23 him, being delivered up by the determined counsel and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by the hand of lawless men, crucified and killed; 24 whom God raised up, having freed him from the agony of death, because it was not possible that he should be held by it. 25 For David says concerning him, ‘I saw the Lord always before my face, For he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved. 26 Therefore my heart was glad, and my tongue rejoiced. Moreover my flesh also will dwell in hope; 27 Because you will not leave my soul in Hades, Neither will you allow your Holy One to see decay. 28 You made known to me the ways of life. You will make me full of gladness with your presence.’ 29 “Brothers, I may tell you freely of the patriarch David, that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30 Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, he would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne, 31 he foreseeing this spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, that neither was his soul left in Hades, nor did his flesh see decay. 32 This Jesus God raised up, to which we all are witnesses. 33 Being therefore exalted by the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this, which you now see and hear. 34 For David didn’t ascend into the heavens, but he says himself, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit by my right hand, 35 Until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’ 36 “Let all the house of Israel therefore know assuredly that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.”

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). Ese reino seguirá hasta que el último enemigo, la muerte, sea destruido en el día final (Lea I Corintios 15:24-26ios 15:24-26
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24 Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth, 25 Hazor Hadattah, Kerioth, Hezron , 26 Amam, and Shema, and Moladah,

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; Apocalipsis 20:14Apocalipsis 20:14
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14 Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire.

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). Compare Colosenses 1:13,14Colosenses 1:13,14
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13 who delivered us out of the power of darkness, and translated us into the Kingdom of the Son of his love; 14 in whom we have our redemption, TR adds “through his blood,” the forgiveness of our sins;

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; Hebreos 12:28Hebreos 12:28
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28 Therefore, receiving a Kingdom that can’t be shaken, let us have grace, through which we serve God acceptably, with reverence and awe,

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; Apocalipsis 1:6,9Apocalipsis 1:6,9
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6 and he made us to be a Kingdom, priests to his God and Father; to him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen. 9 I John, your brother and partner with you in oppression, Kingdom, and perseverance in Christ Jesus, was on the isle that is called Patmos because of God’s Word and the testimony of Jesus Christ.

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para ver que el reino de Cristo ya estaba establecido. Así que con los mil años empieza el reino de aquellos mártires, pero NO el reino de Cristo que ya tenía años de haber principiado cuando el milenio empezó y seguirá en pos aun después del milenio. Así que la doctrina que alega que Cristo empezará a reinar por mil años en algún futuro tiene más que un error. En PRIMER LUGAR, el tiempo de los mil años” YA EMPEZÓ. SEGUNDO, Cristo empezó a reinar ANTES DEL PRINCIPIO DEL MILENIO. Y TERCERO, NO es un tiempo literal. Pero ¿que significa el reino de los santos mártires?

Estas almas fueron presentadas primeramente en Apocalipsis 6:9-11Apocalipsis 6:9-11
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9 When he opened the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been killed for the Word of God, and for the testimony of the Lamb which they had. 10 They cried with a loud voice, saying, “How long, Master, the holy and true, until you judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell on the earth?” 11 A long white robe was given to each of them. They were told that they should rest yet for a while, until their fellow servants and their brothers, The word for “brothers” here and where context allows may also be correctly translated “brothers and sisters” or “siblings.” who would also be killed even as they were, should complete their course.

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. "Cuando abrió el quinto sello, vi bajo el altar LAS ALMAS de los que habían sido muertos por causa de la palabra de Dios y por el testimonio que tenían" (Apocalipsis 6:9Apocalipsis 6:9
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9 When he opened the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been killed for the Word of God, and for the testimony of the Lamb which they had.

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). SON LAS MISMAS ALMAS MÁRTIRES. "Y clamaban a gran voz, diciendo: ¿Hasta cuándo, Señor, santo y verdadero, no juzgas y vengas nuestra sangre en los que moran en la tierra? Y se les dieron vestiduras blancas, y se les dijo que descansasen todavía UN POCO DE TIEMPO, hasta que se completara el número de sus consiervos y sus hermanos, que también habían de ser muertos como ellos" (Apocalipsis 6:10,11Apocalipsis 6:10,11
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10 They cried with a loud voice, saying, “How long, Master, the holy and true, until you judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell on the earth?” 11 A long white robe was given to each of them. They were told that they should rest yet for a while, until their fellow servants and their brothers, The word for “brothers” here and where context allows may also be correctly translated “brothers and sisters” or “siblings.” who would also be killed even as they were, should complete their course.

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). Ellos clamaban por la venganza de su causa en la tierra. Pero tuvieron que esperar UN POCO DE TIEMPO porque faltaba este POCO DE TIEMPO de persecución todavía. Es el mismo "POCO DE TIEMPO" que fue dado a Satanás, a la bestia y al falso profeta. En el tiempo representado en la visión de Apocalipsis 20 este poco de tiempo ha PASADO y ellos han recibido poder y autoridad. Jesús ha juzgado a sus perseguidores en la batalla de Armagedón (Apocalipsis 19:11Apocalipsis 19:11
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war.

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-21). No están bajo el altar esperando; están sentados sobre tronos reinando. El poder de Satanás ha sido limitado y el poder y gloria de los santos han sido engrandecidos. Su fidelidad en NO adorar al emperador romano ha sido premiada y su muerte ha sido vengada por Cristo. Este es el reino de las almas de los santos muer tos. No es más ni menos que la venganza de su muerte y su exaltación viendo al diablo atado y encerrado por "mil años”.

Esta experiencia de las almas decapitadas es también llamada la primera resurrección (Apocalipsis 20:4-6Apocalipsis 20:4-6
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4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years.

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). Debemos tener mucho cuidado en cuanto a la "primera resurrección" para no caer en el error. Debemos aceptar lo que LA BIBLIA dice en El Apocalipsis acerca de esta resurrección SIN añadirle ideas de los hombres. Note con mucho cuidado que Juan no vio a ninguna persona con cuerpo sino "LAS ALMAS de los decapitados por causa del testimonio de Jesús". Juan vio ALMAS de personas que ya habían muerto, pero NO que ellas recibieran cuerpos. Lea otra vez Apocalipsis 20:4-6Apocalipsis 20:4-6
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4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years.

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para ver si encuentra más que almas de cristianos muertos. Es muy importante reconocer que LA BIBLIA no habla de DOS resurrecciones en diferentes tiempos de los cuerpos de los justos y de los injustos. Al contrario, la Biblia enseña claramente que TODOS, justos e injustos seremos resucitados en la MISMA HORA, la hora última. "No os maravilléis de esto; porque vendrá HORA cuando TODOS los que están en los sepulcros oirán su voz; y los que hicieron lo bueno saldrán a resurrección de vida; mas los que hicieron lo malo, a resurrección de condenación" (Juan 5:28,29Juan 5:28,29
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28 Don’t marvel at this, for the hour comes, in which all that are in the tombs will hear his voice, 29 and will come out; those who have done good, to the resurrection of life; and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of judgment.

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). Jesucristo mismo dice claramente que en UNA MISMA HORA TODOS (No solamente justos ni solamente injustos) vamos a ser resucitados. Claro que el destino de unos y otros no es el mismo, pero la hora de su resurrección es la misma. Pe ro esta resurrección para el juicio final se refiere a los que están en los SEPULCROS o sea los CUERPOS de los muertos. Debe fijarse en dos diferencias entre la resurrección para juicio de que habla Cristo y la "primera resurrección en Apocalipsis 20 (note que es el mismo escritor). Primero, la resurrección de que habla Cristo es de CUERPOS, porque solamente hay cuerpos en los sepulcros. Pero la primera resurrección trata únicamente de ALMAS. Segundo, la resurrección de que habla Cristo es de TODOS, justos e injustos, mientras la primera resurrección es solamente de CRISTIANOS MÁRTIRES. De hecho, los cristianos que participaron en la primera resurrección (del alma) tendrán que participar (en cuanto al cuerpo) en la resurrección general de que habla Cristo para el juicio final (compare Apocalipsis 20:11-15Apocalipsis 20:11-15
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11 I saw a great white throne, and him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. There was found no place for them. 12 I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and they opened books. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13 The sea gave up the dead who were in it. Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them. They were judged, each one according to his works. 14 Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 If anyone was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire.

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). La Biblia NO enseña ni en Apocalipsis 20 ni en otra parte que los cuerpos de los cristianos sean resucitados en un día y que en otro día mil años después sean resucitados los cuerpos de los incrédulos. La resurrección del cuerpo para el juicio final será en la misma hora del mismo día para todos. La única diferencia será el destino que le tocará a cada quién. La Biblia dice claramente en Juan 6:39Juan 6:39
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39 This is the will of my Father who sent me, that of all he has given to me I should lose nothing, but should raise him up at the last day.

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que LOS SEGUIDORES DE CRISTO SERÁN RESUCITADOS EN EL DÍA FINAL, NO MIL AÑOS ANTES DEL FIN. "Y esta es la voluntad del que me envió, que todo lo que El me ha dado yo no pierda nada, sino que lo resucite EN EL DÍA FINAL" (Juan 6:39Juan 6:39
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39 This is the will of my Father who sent me, that of all he has given to me I should lose nothing, but should raise him up at the last day.

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). Lea también Juan 6:40,44,54; 11:24Juan 6:40,44,54; 11:24
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40 This is the will of the one who sent me, that everyone who sees the Son, and believes in him, should have eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.” 44 No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him, and I will raise him up in the last day. 54 He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. 24 Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day.”

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. Y el juicio final de todos, creyentes e incrédulos por la Palabra de Dios, o sea por "los libros", será en este mismo día final (Juan 12:48Juan 12:48
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48 He who rejects me, and doesn’t receive my sayings, has one who judges him. The word that I spoke, the same will judge him in the last day.

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; Apocalipsis 20:12,13Apocalipsis 20:12,13
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12 I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and they opened books. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13 The sea gave up the dead who were in it. Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them. They were judged, each one according to his works.

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). "El que me rechaza y no recibe mis palabras, tiene quién le juzgue; la palabra que le he hablado es la que le juzgará EN EL DÍA FINAL" (Juan 12:48Juan 12:48
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48 He who rejects me, and doesn’t receive my sayings, has one who judges him. The word that I spoke, the same will judge him in the last day.

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). “Y vi a los muertos, grandes y pequeños, de pie ante Dios; y los libros fueron abiertos, y otro libro fue abierto, el cual es el libro de la vida; y fueron juzgados los muertos por las cosas que están escritos en los libros, según sus obras. Y el mar entregó los muertos que había en él; y la muerte y el Hades entregaron los muertos que había en ellos; y fueron juzgados cada uno según sus obras" (Apocalipsis 20:12,13Apocalipsis 20:12,13
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12 I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and they opened books. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13 The sea gave up the dead who were in it. Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them. They were judged, each one according to his works.

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). Así que la Biblia niega la idea falsa de una resurrección corporal de los incrédulos mil años después de la resurrección corporal de los santos. Todos seremos resucitados para el juicio final en el mismo día final, a la hora última. Cuando la Biblia dice en I Tesalonicenses 4:16es 4:16
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que "los muertos en Cristo resucitarán primero" NO LO DICE en contraste con los muertos que No ESTÁN EN CRISTO sino en contraste con los “que hayamos quedado” con vida cuando Cristo viene (I Tesalonicenses 4:17es 4:17
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). Léalo con cuidado. No tiene nada que ver con la “primera resurrección” de Apocalipsis 20.

Sin embargo, siempre tenemos “la primera resurrección” de Apocalipsis 20:4-6Apocalipsis 20:4-6
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4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years.

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. Algunos suponen que tenga que ver con una resurrección figurativa en el bautismo (Romanos 6:4,5Romanos 6:4,5
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4 We were buried therefore with him through baptism to death, that just like Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we also might walk in newness of life. 5 For if we have become united with him in the likeness of his death, we will also be part of his resurrection;

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; Colosenses 2:12,13Colosenses 2:12,13
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12 having been buried with him in baptism, in which you were also raised with him through faith in the working of God, who raised him from the dead. 13 You were dead through your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh. He made you alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses,

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). Es cierto que la Biblia simboliza la salvación del individuo en el momento del bautismo como una resurrección, pero no se trata de esta resurrección en Apocalipsis 20:4-6Apocalipsis 20:4-6
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4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years.

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puesto que estas personas ya habían muerto físicamente. Ellas participaron en aquella resurrección bautismal antes de su muerte física, pero ahora se trata de una resurrección en el estado de ALMA solamente. Así que el contexto de Apocalipsis y la condición física de estos mártires excluyen la idea del bautismo.

Así que apegándonos al contexto del libro nos encontramos forzados a aceptar la sencilla explicación de Apocalipsis sobre esta PRIMERA RESURRECCIÓN: "Primera resurrección" es el nombre dado a LA VENGANZA DE LA MUERTE DE AQUELLOS CRISTIANOS MÁRTIRES Y A LA LIMITACIÓN DEL PODER DE SATANÁS de perseguir a la iglesia por medio del engaño de las naciones del mundo. Estas almas que habían estado bajo el altar (Apocalipsis 6 :9-11) ahora están levantadas a sentar sobre tronos y a reinar con Cristo (Apocalipsis 20:4Apocalipsis 20:4
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4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years.

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,5). "Esta es la primera resurrección y estas almas tienen la gran seguridad de no ser dañadas por la segunda muerte. La muerte física que ya sufrieron fue la última para ellas. La condenación en el lago de fuego (la segunda muerte) no les tocará a ellas. El poder de Satanás ha sido limitado y el poder y la gloria de los santos han sido engrandecidos. Su fidelidad en no adorar a la bestia ha sido premiada y su muerte ha sido vengada por Cristo. Este reino de las almas de los santos mártires (también llamado la primera resurrección) no es ni más ni menos que la venganza de su muerte y su exaltación viendo al diablo atado y encerrado por este período largo que es llamado simbólicamente "mil años”. Así vivirán y reinarán estas almas con Cristo hasta que se terminen los "mil años” un poquito antes del día final. Decir más que esto sobre la primera resurrección o sea "el reino de los santos muertos" sería AÑADIR a la Palabra de Dios y exponernos a errores sectarios que no edifican en nada. Tratar de fijar una fecha para el fin del milenio y el principio de aquel tiempo breve antes del fin sería caer en el error grave de muchos religiosos que no aceptan la exhortación de Cristo en Hechos 1:7Hechos 1:7
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7 He said to them, “It isn’t for you to know times or seasons which the Father has set within His own authority.

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, "No os toca a vosotros saber los tiempos o las sazones que el Padre puesto en su sola potestad."

Resumen de Acontecimientos En El Milenio

Ya que muchas personas piensan que la Biblia enseñe que muchas cosas van a suceder durante el milenio (y por eso no reconocen que estamos en él) debemos fijarnos bien en los acontecimientos designados para el milenio. Recordemos que el ÚNICO libro que habla sobre el milenio es El Apocalipsis. Por tanto, tenemos que aceptar SOLAMENTE lo que El Apocalipsis ESPECIFICA para los “mil años”. PRIMERAMENTE, Satanás fue atado y encerrado en el abismo para no poder engañar a las naciones para la persecución mundial contra la iglesia como hizo con Roma. SEGUNDO, las almas mártires fueron levantadas para sentar en tronos y reinar con Cristo. Su causa fue vengada y su victoria final, aún sobre la segunda muerte, ha sido garantizada. Este reino es llamado la primera resurrección. ¿Qué más? LA BIBLIA NO DICE MAS. Las ideas humanas de paz perfecta, abundancia increíble, ninguna tentación del diablo, un reino material aquí en la tierra, Cristo reinando desde Jerusalén, la resurrección de los cuerpos de los cristianos muertos, y muchas otras cosas durante el milenio, son exactamente eso: IDEAS HUMANAS. No tienen ningún fundamento en Apocalipsis 20:1-10Apocalipsis 20:1-10
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20 1 I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 He seized the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited earth, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time. 4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years. 7 And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and he will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to the war; the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. 9 They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them. 10 The devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

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ni en otra parte de la Palabra de Dios, puesto que solamente estos versículos hablan específicamente del "milenio" o sea los "mil años”.

Satanás Suelto y Destruido

Cuando este tiempo largo de "mil años” se cumpla, Satanás será suelto de su prisión (Apocalipsis 20:7Apocalipsis 20:7
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7 And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison,

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). Pero los santos no tienen que preocuparse mucho porque Satanás será suelto solamente por un tiempo muy breve para reunir a las naciones contra la iglesia otra vez como había hecho en el tiempo de Roma. Cuando las tiene reunidas para la destrucción de la iglesia, el resultado será el opuesto: la destrucción de ellas y mas importante del diablo mismo. "Y el diablo que los engañaba fue lanzado en el lago de fuego y azufre, donde estaban la bestia y el falso profeta; y serán atormentados día y noche por los siglos de los siglos" (Apocalipsis 20:10Apocalipsis 20:10
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10 The devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

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). Entonces será el día final y el juicio de todos los hombres (Apocalipsis 20:11-15Apocalipsis 20:11-15
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11 I saw a great white throne, and him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. There was found no place for them. 12 I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and they opened books. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13 The sea gave up the dead who were in it. Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them. They were judged, each one according to his works. 14 Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 If anyone was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire.

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). Los que no han sido fieles a Dios serán lanzados al lago de fuego: la segunda muerte (Apocalipsis 20: 14,15Apocalipsis 20: 14,15
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14 Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 If anyone was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire.

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). Los fieles vivirán con Dios para siempre (Apocalipsis 21:1-22:5Apocalipsis 21:1-22:5
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21 1 I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth have passed away, and the sea is no more. 2 I saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready like a bride adorned for her husband. 3 I heard a loud voice out of heaven saying, “Behold, God’s dwelling is with people, and he will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God. 4 He will wipe away from them every tear from their eyes. Death will be no more; neither will there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain, any more. The first things have passed away.” 5 He who sits on the throne said, “Behold, I am making all things new.” He said, “Write, for these words of God are faithful and true.” 6 He said to me, “It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. I will give freely to him who is thirsty from the spring of the water of life. 7 He who overcomes, I will give him these things. I will be his God, and he will be my son. 8 But for the cowardly, unbelieving, sinners, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, The word for “sorcerers” here also includes users of potions and drugs. idolaters, and all liars, their part is in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death.” 9 One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls, who were loaded with the seven last plagues came, and he spoke with me, saying, “Come here. I will show you the wife, the Lamb’s bride.” 10 He carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, 11 having the glory of God. Her light was like a most precious stone, as if it was a jasper stone, clear as crystal; 12 having a great and high wall; having twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels; and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. 13 On the east were three gates; and on the north three gates; and on the south three gates; and on the west three gates. 14 The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them twelve names of the twelve Apostles of the Lamb. 15 He who spoke with me had for a measure, a golden reed, to measure the city, its gates, and its walls. 16 The city lies foursquare, and its length is as great as its breadth. He measured the city with the reed, Twelve thousand twelve stadia 12,012 stadia = or 2,221 kilometers or 1,380 miles. TR reads 12,000 stadia instead of 12,012 stadia.. Its length, breadth, and height are equal. 17 Its wall is one hundred forty-four cubits, 144 cubits is about 65.8 meters or 216 feet by the measure of a man, that is, of an angel. 18 The construction of its wall was jasper. The city was pure gold, like pure glass. 19 The foundations of the city’s wall were adorned with all kinds of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire or, lapis lazuli; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald; 20 the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, topaz; the tenth, chrysoprasus; the eleventh, jacinth; and the twelfth, amethyst. 21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls. Each one of the gates was made of one pearl. The street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass. 22 I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God, the Almighty, and the Lamb, are its temple. 23 The city has no need for the sun, neither of the moon, to shine, for the very glory of God illuminated it, and its lamp is the Lamb. 24 The nations will walk in its light. The kings of the earth bring the glory and honor of the nations into it. 25 Its gates will in no way be shut by day , 26 and they shall bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it so that they may enter. 27 There will in no way enter into it anything profane, or one who causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s book of life. 22 1 He showed me a TR adds “pure” river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb, 2 in the middle of its street. On this side of the river and on that was the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruits, yielding its fruit every month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. 3 There will be no curse any more. The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and his servants serve him. 4 They will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads. 5 There will be no night, and they need no lamp light; for the Lord God will illuminate them. They will reign forever and ever.

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). Así la Biblia enseña que va a haber un tiempo más en que Satanás podrá perseguir por un poco de tiempo a la iglesia como hizo en el tiempo del primer siglo por medio de Roma. Pero no debemos temer porque Dios mismo lo va a destruir con todos sus discípulos así como hizo con Roma y sus aliados. Y entonces empezará la gloria eterna que tanto anhelamos los que estamos en Cristo Jesús y, por tanto, inscritos en el libro de la vida. El mensaje para el cristiano es VICTORIA. El Apocalipsis enseña que el cristiano reina AHORA, reinará EN LA MUER TE y reinará ETERNAMENTE con el Señor. REINAMOS (Apocalipsis 1:6,9Apocalipsis 1:6,9
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6 and he made us to be a Kingdom, priests to his God and Father; to him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen. 9 I John, your brother and partner with you in oppression, Kingdom, and perseverance in Christ Jesus, was on the isle that is called Patmos because of God’s Word and the testimony of Jesus Christ.

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); REINAREMOS AUN EN LA MUERTE (Apocalipsis 20:4-6Apocalipsis 20:4-6
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4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years.

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); REINAREMOS ETERNAMENTE (Apocalipsis 22:5Apocalipsis 22:5
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5 There will be no night, and they need no lamp light; for the Lord God will illuminate them. They will reign forever and ever.

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). Por tanto, seamos fieles al Señor aunque esta fidelidad nos cueste la vida misma y recibiremos nuestra parte en la victoria de Dios sobre todos Sus enemigos (Apocalipsis 2:10Apocalipsis 2:10
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10 Don’t be afraid of the things which you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested; and you will have oppression for ten days. Be faithful to death, and I will give you the crown of life.

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). No seamos engañados por sistemas humanos que MATERIALIZAN las promesas del Señor y toman LITERALMENTE pasajes que claramente son SIMBÓLICOS aunque llenos de significado si solamente dejamos que la Biblia nos dé la interpretación correcta.

El Premilenialismo Refutado

Debe ser evidente que lo que hemos estudiado refuta totalmente la posición premilenialista. En el principio de este estudio notamos que las enseñanzas básicas de esta teoría son que el milenio es un tiempo de mil años literales (basado equivocadamente en Apocalipsis 20:2-7Apocalipsis 20:2-7
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2 He seized the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited earth, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time. 4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years. 7 And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison,

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) que empezarán después de la segunda venida de Cristo (basado equivocadamente en Apocalipsis 19:11Apocalipsis 19:11
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war.

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-21). Alegan que será en aquel tiempo que Cristo empezará a reinar con Sus santos en la tierra en Jerusalén (basado equivocadamente en Apocalipsis 20:4Apocalipsis 20:4
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4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years.

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; 19:11). Hemos visto que el tiempo de "mil años” NO PUEDE ser literal puesto que la naturaleza del libro, el pasaje bajo estudio y el contexto histórico del texto no lo permiten. Es SIMBÓLICO y el período empezó mucho más que "mil años" literales antes de nuestro tiempo y todavía no ha terminado. El supuesto hecho de un período literal de mil años es FALSO Y SIN BASE. También aprendimos que Apocalipsis 19:11Apocalipsis 19:11
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war.

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-21 NO se refiere a la segunda venida de Cristo, sino a Su victoria sobre el imperio romano como perseguidor de Su iglesia hace muchos años. El premilenialista necesita prueba de la segunda venida antes de los mil años pero el texto bíblico no provee la prueba necesaria. La teoría cae. Además, el reino de que habla Apocalipsis 20 no es el principio del reinado de Cristo, sino de las almas (no cuerpos resucitados) de los mártires. Cristo reinaba antes de milenio, reina durante el milenio y reinará después. Y seguramente no hay ni siquiera una indicación de que Cristo y estas almas estén reinando en la tierra, mucho menos en la ciudad de Jerusalén. Jesús ha estado sobre el trono de David (Hechos 2:22-36Hechos 2:22-36
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22 “Men of Israel, hear these words! Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved by God to you by mighty works and wonders and signs which God did by him in the midst of you, even as you yourselves know, 23 him, being delivered up by the determined counsel and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by the hand of lawless men, crucified and killed; 24 whom God raised up, having freed him from the agony of death, because it was not possible that he should be held by it. 25 For David says concerning him, ‘I saw the Lord always before my face, For he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved. 26 Therefore my heart was glad, and my tongue rejoiced. Moreover my flesh also will dwell in hope; 27 Because you will not leave my soul in Hades, Neither will you allow your Holy One to see decay. 28 You made known to me the ways of life. You will make me full of gladness with your presence.’ 29 “Brothers, I may tell you freely of the patriarch David, that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30 Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, he would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne, 31 he foreseeing this spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, that neither was his soul left in Hades, nor did his flesh see decay. 32 This Jesus God raised up, to which we all are witnesses. 33 Being therefore exalted by the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this, which you now see and hear. 34 For David didn’t ascend into the heavens, but he says himself, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit by my right hand, 35 Until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’ 36 “Let all the house of Israel therefore know assuredly that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.”

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) con potestad sobre la tierra (Mateo 28:18Mateo 28:18
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18 Jesus came to them and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth.

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) por casi DOS MIL AÑOS, pero no ha estado aquí en la tierra físicamente.

No, las enseñanzas de Apocalipsis 19:11-20:15Apocalipsis 19:11-20:15
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11 I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and makes war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has names written and a name written which no one knows but he himself. 13 He is clothed in a garment sprinkled with blood. His name is called “The Word of God.” 14 The armies which are in heaven followed him on white horses, clothed in white, pure, fine linen. 15 Out of his mouth proceeds a sharp, double-edged sword, that with it he should strike the nations. He will rule them with a rod of iron. He treads the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 He has on his garment and on his thigh a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” 17 I saw an angel standing in the sun. He cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the sky, “Come! Be gathered together to the great supper of God, TR reads “supper of the great God” instead of “great supper of God” 18 that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and slave, and small and great.” 19 I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him who sat on the horse, and against his army. 20 The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet who worked the signs in his sight, with which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. 21 The rest were killed with the sword of him who sat on the horse, the sword which came forth out of his mouth. All the birds were filled with their flesh. 20 1 I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 He seized the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited earth, and bound him for a thousand years, 3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he must be freed for a short time. 4 I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn’t worship the beast nor his image, and didn’t receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 5 The rest of the dead didn’t live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him one thousand years. 7 And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and he will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to the war; the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. 9 They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them. 10 The devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever. 11 I saw a great white throne, and him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. There was found no place for them. 12 I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and they opened books. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13 The sea gave up the dead who were in it. Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them. They were judged, each one according to his works. 14 Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 If anyone was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire.

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NO DAN NINGÚN APOYO a la teoría del PREMILENIALISMO. En este texto bíblico NO SE ENCUENTRAN: (1) un período literal de mil años;(2) la segunda venida de Cristo antes de los mil años; (3) el principio del reino de Cristo; (4) la resurrección CORPORAL de los santos solos; (5) ni Cristo ni estos santos reinando literalmente sobre la tierra. El texto principal ocupado por los premilenialistas (el único que habla del período de mil años) milita contra sus teorías. Hay mucho en la Biblia que contradice esta teoría premilenialista pero este pasaje basta para refutarla completamente. La doctrina premilenialista no es una doctrina bíblica. Cuando la conocemos de fondo encontramos que esta doctrina menosprecia la muerte del Señor, la iglesia de Cristo que es Su reino glorioso y todas las bendiciones ESPIRITUALES que tenemos en Cristo como cumplimiento de las promesas de Dios desde tiempos antiguos. Tenga cuidado con aquellos que materializan las promesas del Señor. Reconozca la gloria del reino inconmovible en que participan los miembros de la iglesia de Cristo Jesús YA. ¡Gloria a Díos por EL REINO Y LA VICTORIA QUE TENEMOS EN CRISTO AHORA!