¿Pecado de muerte?

Pregunta:

¿Cuáles son los pecados de muerte por los que dice el apóstol Juan que no se pida? (I Juan 5:16,17Juan 5:16,17
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16 For this cause the Jews persecuted Jesus, and sought to kill him, because he did these things on the Sabbath. 17 But Jesus answered them, “My Father is still working, so I am working, too.”

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Respuesta:

En primer lugar debemos entender que no se trata de ningún pecado específico. La Biblia no habla de EL PECADO de muerte ni de LOS PECADOS de muerte sino simplemente de “pecado de muerte”. La distinción entre “pecado de muerte” y “pecado no de muerte” no es que una ofensa sea peor que otra. “Toda injusticia es pecado” ( I Juan 5:17Juan 5:17
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17 But Jesus answered them, “My Father is still working, so I am working, too.”

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). Con UN PECADO, sea cual sea, el hombre (sin Cristo) está destinado a muerte (Romanos 6:23Romanos 6:23
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23 For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

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). La ira de Dios se revela contra “TODA impiedad e injusticia de los hombres” sea cual sea.

Al mismo tiempo debemos entender que NO HAY PECADO que no pueda ser perdonado si uno cumple con el plan que Dios ha establecido para recibir ese perdón. A las personas culpables por la crucifixión del Hijo de Dios, el apóstol Pedro les ofreció el “perdón de pecados” (Hechos 2:38Hechos 2:38
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38 Peter said to them, “Repent, and be baptized, everyone of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

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). Saulo de Tarso era culpable de ser blasfemo, perseguidor de la iglesia e injuriador de cristianos. No obstante fue salvo por la misericordia de Dios cuando creyó, se arrepintió y fue bautizado (Hechos 22:16Hechos 22:16
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16 Now why do you wait? Arise, be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on the name of the Lord.’

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; I Timoteo 1:13-16). Entre los cristianos en Corinto habían personas, que habían cometido toda clase de inmoralidad pero habían sido lavados (I Corintios 6:9-11ios 6:9-11
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9 The armed men went before the priests who blew the trumpets, and the rearward went after the ark, the priests blowing the trumpets as they went. 10 Joshua commanded the people, saying, You shall not shout, nor let your voice be heard, neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I bid you shout; then shall you shout. 11 So he caused the ark of Yahweh to compass the city, going about it once: and they came into the camp, and lodged in the camp.

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Algunos creen que esta misericordia de Dios se aplica solamente antes de hacerse cristiano, pero tal idea es totalmente contraria a las enseñanzas de la Biblia. En primer lugar la misma sangre que nos limpia en el bautismo nos limpia cuando somos cristianos. Según I Juan 1:7-2:2Juan 1:7-2:2
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7 The same came as a witness, that he might testify about the light, that all might believe through him. 8 He was not the light, but was sent that he might testify about the light. 9 The true light that enlightens everyone was coming into the world. 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through him, and the world didn’t recognize him. 11 He came to his own, and those who were his own didn’t receive him. 12 But as many as received him, to them he gave the right to become God’s children, to those who believe in his name: 13 who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. 14 The Word became flesh, and lived among us. We saw his glory, such glory as of the one and only Son of the Father, full of grace and truth. 15 John testified about him. He cried out, saying, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me has surpassed me, for he was before me.’” 16 From his fullness we all received grace upon grace. 17 For the law was given through Moses. Grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has seen God at any time. The one and only Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, he has declared him. 19 This is John’s testimony, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?” 20 He confessed, and didn’t deny, but he confessed, “I am not the Christ.” 21 They asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” “Are you the Prophet?” He answered, “No.” 22 They said therefore to him, “Who are you? Give us an answer to take back to those who sent us. What do you say about yourself?” 23 He said, “I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, ‘Make straight the way of the Lord,’ as Isaiah the prophet said.” 24 The ones who had been sent were from the Pharisees. 25 They asked him, “Why then do you baptize, if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?” 26 John answered them, “I baptize in water, but among you stands one whom you don’t know. 27 He is the one who comes after me, who is preferred before me, whose sandal strap I’m not worthy to loosen.” 28 These things were done in Bethany beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing. 29 The next day, he saw Jesus coming to him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! 30 This is he of whom I said, ‘After me comes a man who is preferred before me, for he was before me.’ 31 I didn’t know him, but for this reason I came baptizing in water: that he would be revealed to Israel.” 32 John testified, saying, “I have seen the Spirit descending like a dove out of heaven, and it remained on him. 33 I didn’t recognize him, but he who sent me to baptize in water, he said to me, ‘On whomever you will see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.’ 34 I have seen, and have testified that this is the Son of God.” 35 Again, the next day, John was standing with two of his disciples, 36 and he looked at Jesus as he walked, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God!” 37 The two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. 38 Jesus turned, and saw them following, and said to them, “What are you looking for?” They said to him, “Rabbi” , “where are you staying?” 39 He said to them, “Come, and see.” They came and saw where he was staying, and they stayed with him that day. It was about the tenth hour. PM. 40 One of the two who heard John, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. 41 He first found his own brother, Simon, and said to him, “We have found the Messiah!” and “Christ” both mean “Anointed One”.). 42 He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him, and said, “You are Simon the son of Jonah. You shall be called Cephas” . 43 On the next day, he was determined to go out into Galilee, and he found Philip. Jesus said to him, “Follow me.” 44 Now Philip was from Bethsaida, of the city of Andrew and Peter. 45 Philip found Nathanael, and said to him, “We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, wrote: Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.” 46 Nathanael said to him, “Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?” Philip said to him, “Come and see.” 47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said about him, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom is no deceit!” 48 Nathanael said to him, “How do you know me?” Jesus answered him, “Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.” 49 Nathanael answered him, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God! You are King of Israel!” 50 Jesus answered him, “Because I told you, ‘I saw you underneath the fig tree,’ do you believe? You will see greater things than these!” 51 He said to him, “Most assuredly, I tell you, hereafter you will see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man.” 2 1 The third day, there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there. 2 Jesus also was invited, with his disciples, to the marriage.

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esta sangre nos limpia si pecamos, siempre y cuando nos arrepintamos y confesamos nuestros pecados a Dios. Cristo sigue siendo la propiciación por nuestros pecados después de hacernos cristianos (I Juan 2:2Juan 2:2
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2 Jesus also was invited, with his disciples, to the marriage.

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). Nos limpia de “TODA MALDAD” (I Juan 1:9Juan 1:9
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9 The true light that enlightens everyone was coming into the world.

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). Aun un cristiano culpable de fornicación (que algunos equivocadamente consideran el pecado de muerte) puede ser salvo si aprende a destruir las obras de la carne – es decir si se arrepiente (I Corintios 5:1-5ios 5:1-5
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5 1 It happened, when all the kings of the Amorites, who were beyond the Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, who were by the sea, heard how that Yahweh had dried up the waters of the Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel. 2 At that time Yahweh said to Joshua, Make you flint knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time. 3 Joshua made himself flint knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of the foreskins. 4 This is the cause why Joshua did circumcise: all the people who came forth out of Egypt, who were males, even all the men of war, died in the wilderness by the way, after they came forth out of Egypt. 5 For all the people who came out were circumcised; but all the people who were born in the wilderness by the way as they came forth out of Egypt, they had not circumcised.

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). De hecho parece que en este caso específico en Corinto el hermano fornicario se arrepintió como resultado de ser quitado de la comunión de los santos en Corinto (vea II Corintios 2:6-11ios 2:6-11
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6 But she had brought them up to the roof, and hid them with the stalks of flax, which she had laid in order on the roof. 7 The men pursued after them the way to the Jordan to the fords: and as soon as those who pursued after them were gone out, they shut the gate. 8 Before they were laid down, she came up to them on the roof; 9 and she said to the men, I know that Yahweh has given you the land, and that the fear of you is fallen on us, and that all the inhabitants of the land melt away before you. 10 For we have heard how Yahweh dried up the water of the Red Sea before you, when you came out of Egypt; and what you did to the two kings of the Amorites, who were beyond the Jordan, to Sihon and to Og, whom you utterly destroyed. 11 As soon as we had heard it, our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more spirit in any man, because of you: for Yahweh your God, he is God in heaven above, and on earth beneath.

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Por este motivo creo que “pecado de muerte” es cualquier pecado que practicamos. Podemos orar por un hermano que comete algún pecado y se arrepiente. Pero no podemos pedir que Dios perdone a un hermano que persiste en la práctica de algún pecado ( sea cual sea). Lo único que podemos hacer en tal caso es tratar de restaurarlo (incluyendo la aplicación de la disciplina bíblica si sigue en el pecado a pesar de nuestros esfuerzos de restaurarlo).